While readers are sorting out what you're saying, they can't appreciate your story.
Don't describe scenes as though you're taking a photograph.
Confusing new terms can make readers feel jarred and overwhelmed.
Readers need to know things to understand your story.
Merging and reusing elements makes for a more streamlined story.
Confusing info dumps and lack of plot focus make this a disorienting opening.
If you include too much history, your story will be an overburdened mess.
Skilled use of exposition is a matter of balance: not too much, not too little.
Readers have a lot to learn during an opening, and somehow they have to learn it while being entertained.
Confusing description and a lack of context bog down an action-packed opening.
Signs your story might be sluggish—and how to make it into a smooth, exciting read.