Star Trek Adventures Is Clunky and Uninspired

Dammit Jim, I'm a doctor not a wizard!

Star Trek is a difficult setting to roleplay in. The canon is labyrinthine and confusing, with material drawn from hundreds of episodes, many of which contradict each other. The aesthetics vary widely depending on the time period and the series, making it hard to imagine they exist in the same universe. Powerful technology can easily break your story. Perhaps worse, the Federation is meant to be a utopia. How do you generate compelling conflict in a utopian setting?

It would take a really good system to handle all of these problems. Unfortunately, Star Trek Adventures is not that system. While it has some bright spots, the system will not deliver a good Star Trek experience without a lot of extra work on the GM’s part. What’s that, you’d like more detail? Then make it so.*

Character Creation Is Fun and Flexible

One of those bright spots I mentioned is the character creation. Instead of simply handing players a bunch of points, the system takes them through each stage of their character’s life, from childhood through Starfleet Academy and into their first assignment. Players decide what kind of life their characters have led and receive points accordingly. If a character grew up on a dangerous colony world, they might get points in Daring. If their parents were diplomats, they might get points in Presence. The list goes on.

Perhaps more important than points, characters earn a new value at each stage of their lives. A value could be something like “Everyone should have access to advanced technology.” These values are important roleplaying guides, and they tie into the system’s meta currency. Because characters get a value at each stage of their lives, it’s easy to set up opposing values for maximum drama. For example, at the academy, a character could pick up the value “Negotiation can solve any problem.” But when their first posting is on the front lines of the Dominion War, they’ll learn a new value: “Sometimes violence is the only answer.”

Character creation is highly structured, which might be frustrating for advanced players, so the system offers an alternative. Instead of going through each step, the players can simply take the equivalent amount of points to be spent at will. While this has the potential to create unbalanced characters, it’s a useful option for players who like extra customization.

The only critique I have for the character creation is that there aren’t any well developed options for playing characters of mixed species. All the game offers is a side bar that’s purely cosmetic. Considering how many half-vulcans and half-klingons the Star Trek shows have, this is an annoying absence. Even so, character creation is undoubtedly enjoyable. I made six characters in a row for the review oneshot, and I never got bored.

Correction: Originally, this section claimed there were no rules for being raised on alien planet, which is wrong. It also missed the sidebar for mixed species.

Supporting Characters Are a Great Idea

One of the the major problems with Star Trek as a roleplaying setting is who the PCs should be. The obvious choice is for them to be senior officers, but that has a huge drawback: not every story will feature all the senior officers. This is even more pronounced in stories based on away missions. Even though the TV shows often ignored this problem by sending the entire command staff out in a shuttle, doing that in an RPG will seem absurd.

To solve this issue, Star Trek Adventures offers rules for each player to have multiple characters. A player’s primary character is assumed to be a department head or some similar role, but they can also have supporting characters of lower rank. These supporting characters aren’t as capable as the primary, but they can get the job done. This way, the captain can play their supporting security officer when it’s time for an away mission, or the ship’s counselor can try out an engineer when the story has no call for social skills.

This system fits naturally into the secondary cast that most Star Trek shows develop.* Many episodes focus on a guest star who shakes up the status quo, and in most systems, that guest star would have to be an NPC. But in this system, the GM can give the role to one of their players. Supporting characters also allow for important deaths that don’t ruin a player’s experience, because they still have their main character to fall back on.

Despite my praise, there are some limits to supporting characters. Used too often, they can leave players disconnected from their main character.  To address this, I recommend only using supporting characters in longer campaigns, when there are plenty of sessions for each player to get invested in their primary PC. The other problem with players having more than one character is what to do when those characters need to talk to each other. It’s awkward for the GM to play someone’s character, and even more awkward for a player to talk to themselves. My best advice is make sure there’s an NPC present who can cover for the secondary PC.

The Meta Currency Is Empowering but Abusable

The primary meta currency in Star Trek Adventures is Momentum. Players earn Momentum by scoring more successes on a roll than they need. All Momentum goes into a communal pot, where it can be spent by any PC. This provides an immediate benefit to rolling higher than necessary, something that a lot of games don’t have. If players roll twice what they needed, they like to get a reward for their efforts, and this game provides them with one.

The first problem with this meta currency is that it’s easy to set up a perpetual Momentum machine. By using some common special abilities, players can easily get two points of Momentum from a roll for every one they spend. As you might imagine, this makes it nearly impossible for PCs to fail rolls. The rules also create an incentive for players to find easy rolls they can make to earn Momentum, even if those rolls aren’t necessary.

How you set up the Perpetual Momentum Machine

Each character starts with six focuses. A focus is something that the character specializes in, too narrow to be covered by a full skill. Common focuses are things like “repair” and “phaser rifle.”

When a character’s focus applies to a roll, their successes count double. That means if they buy an extra die with Momentum and it comes up a success, they get two successes, which likely means they get the momentum back, and even earn a second one.

Correction: Players only get two momentum from focuses if their d20 rolls equal to or under the character’s discipline. This makes the Perpetual Momentum Machine less likely, though it still incentivizes players to find easy rolls for generating momentum.

To make things weirder, this game features two additional meta currencies. The first is called Threat, and it’s basically Momentum for the GM. Instead of spending Momentum, players can give the GM Threat to get bonus dice. So even if the PCs haven’t built up a large pool of Momentum, they can get as many dice as they like. In theory, the GM can then use Threat to make the villains more dangerous, but this falls a little flat since the GM can already make rolls as difficult as they like. Adding Threat on top of the appropriate difficulty sets up an adversarial relationship that isn’t good for the health of a campaign.

But wait, there’s more! The third meta currency is called Determination. It gives a bigger bonus than Momentum, and it’s harder to get. It’s also limited to each character rather than being in a communal pot. While Momentum and Threat are useful for anything, Determination is only spent on actions that line up with a character’s values. This helps differentiate it from the other two meta currencies, but it’s still a little confusing to remember all the different ways players can get bonus dice. It’s also unlikely the PCs will ever need Determination, considering how easy it is to generate Momentum.

The Core Dice Mechanic Is Fine

One thing I can say about Star Trek Adventures is that it has a unique core dice system. When a task is in question, players roll 2d20. Each d20 that comes up equal to or lower than the character’s relevant skill+stat is a success. So if a character has a Command of 3 and a Presence of 10, each die that rolls 13 or less is a success. Different tasks require different numbers of successes, and players can spend Momentum or invoke special abilities to add more d20s.

That’s nothing like any other RPG I’ve ever played, and it takes some getting used to. At first, it’s a little annoying to add together skill and stat for every roll, but most players get used to it quickly. However, it’s still weird that without spending Momentum or invoking a special ability, characters can’t ever succeed at a task that requires three or more successes. This is true no matter how good the character is at their chosen task, because they only have 2d20.* Momentum and special abilities are always in ready supply, but it’s not an easy dynamic to learn.

Once players learn the dice mechanic’s quirks, it functions adequately but isn’t anything special. The game tries to spice things up by adding a system of environmental traits that influence rolls, but the traits are easily forgotten in the heat of the moment. The book also talks a lot about what to do when a roll is failed, which is good, but doesn’t provide robust rules. The goal seems to be something similar to Mouse Guard, where PCs who fail their rolls can still get what they want but at the cost of suffering a penalty. The problem is that while Mouse Guard’s penalties were baked into the system, Star Trek Adventures’ don’t have much impact.

Even though the 2d20 system doesn’t do anything spectacular and has a bit of a learning curve, my group still enjoyed having something else to do with all our d20s. Outside of the D&D family, there aren’t many systems that employ them.

The Rules Are Confusing and Overwritten

The first and most obvious problem with Star Trek Adventures is the low quality of its writing. The rules in this game aren’t that complicated, but it can take multiple reads to understand them. Often, they’re just stated in nonsensical ways. Consider this quote from the rules on spending Determination:

A point of Determination may be spent to grant the character a single bonus d20. This bonus d20 differs from most in that it is considered to have already rolled a 1, and thus generates two successes automatically. The normal limit of additional d20s bought for a Task still applies.

Instead of just adding two successes, Star Trek Adventures wants you to purchase a phantom d20, then have it roll a 1, thus granting you two successes. The rules are written this way so as not to fall afoul of the system’s maximum dice limit, a limit that isn’t spelled out anywhere and must be pieced together from reading several different sections. It feels like navigating an IRS form.

The system also has a serious problem with unnecessary rules. I mentioned before how the GM is expected to assign forgettable environmental traits in every scene, but that’s just the tip of the iceberg. The crowning glory of redundancy is that the system has two sets of rules for tasks that require multiple rolls. The first is called an Extended Task, and the second is called a Challenge. These rules are virtually identical, with only the most minor of differences. When I got to the Challenge chapter on my first read through, I thought I’d skipped back to the Extended Task chapter by mistake.

When the rules aren’t repetitive or written like they’re trying to evade a d20 tax, they’re often surrounded by paragraph after paragraph of flavor text. This makes the actual rules hard to find. The most egregious example by far is the chapter on social conflict. Star Trek is all about social conflict, but it quickly becomes apparent that this chapter is a lie. Despite pages upon pages of text, there are almost no rules for social conflicts. Instead, the entire chapter is vague advice on what kinds of social tactics a character might employ. It’s nearly useless, but you have to read several pages to figure that out. This is too bad, because Star Trek could really use a social-conflict system.

Rules this badly written are difficult to learn, hard to teach, and even harder to look up. The game can easily grind to a halt because the GM can’t remember a rule, and looking it up is a major chore.

Combat Is Boring

Unlike social conflict, Star Trek Adventures has actual rules for physical combat. The good news is they’re mostly free of the overwritten flavor text and repetitive mechanics of other sections. There’s still a few questionable rules, like how you have to spend an action each turn to keep your phaser set to a higher power level, but otherwise the combat is pretty straightforward.

The problem is that it’s D&D style stand-and-deliver combat. That is, the combatants line up and take turns attacking each other until one side is out of hitpoints.* Characters in this system may use phasers instead of swords, but the results are the same. The book tries to address this with flavor instead of rules. It has several paragraphs about how important it is for each side to have an objective and why combatants should retreat when injured. But none of that is actually supported in the mechanics.

Stand-and-deliver combat is boring. There are few choices to be made and almost no point to creative thinking unless the GM goes the extra mile. This is especially true in a game like Star Trek Adventures. At least in D&D, players can get their fun by building characters from a vast array of options. In this system, character options are limited, so there’s little satisfaction to be had in crafting a combat machine.

Combat is also slow. Barring a lucky roll, it usually takes two or three shots to disable an enemy, assuming every shot is a hit. That’s a long time spent away from fun space adventures. I have some sympathy for the designers here, because combat has always been a difficult subject for Star Trek RPGs. Back in the days when Last Unicorn held the license, combat was an inferno of instant death as phasers did enough damage to vaporize a mountain.* But my sympathy has limits. If the designers couldn’t come up with a combat system that works for Trek, they should have forgone it entirely and had the GM resolve fights with a single roll or an Extended Task. As things stand, many character abilities are geared toward combat, and simply skipping over it is difficult.

Ship Rules Are Ancillary

Star Trek has always been about a ship* as well as the living characters, so it’s no surprise this game has ship rules. Sadly, they’re not very good. The system tries to keep things simple by having ships act like large characters, even having their own sheets complete with stats like Engines and skills identical to a PC. This approach has the advantage of saving development time, and Star Trek Adventures isn’t the first system to employ it.

The problem with treating the ship as a scaled-up PC is that it blurs the line between them. Except in combat, the rules aren’t clear when a PC should make a roll and when the ship itself should roll. If the PCs are making rolls, then the ship’s abilities aren’t needed. If the ship is making rolls, it takes the focus off the PCs, and a good GM doesn’t ever want the focus taken off the PCs.

Most of the time, the ship is little more than a setting for the characters to walk around and have scenes in. It has no mechanical influence on the game. Ship combat is a little better. At least here it’s clear what function the ship provides, and there’s a fun minigame to be had managing how the ship’s power is allotted.

The main problem with ship combat is how much reading it requires. PCs have a multitude of options based on their bridge assignments, but few of those options are obvious or intuitive. Unless you have a group where everyone loves to read the rules, expect to spend a long time going through each option, and then going back because you’ve forgotten one. A cheat sheet like those provided by Burning Wheel would be helpful here, but as far as I can tell, Star Trek Adventures doesn’t have one.

Even with their flaws, the ship rules in Star Trek Adventures aren’t terrible; they just feel unnecessary. Unless your group is really into space battles, it’s not clear what you’ll do with most of them.

Skills and Stats Are Vague

Star Trek Adventures eschews traditional stats and skills. You will not find such mundane entries like strength or stealth. Instead, the designers have created an entirely new set of Attributes* and Disciplines* designed specifically for Star Trek. Behold!

You can see a few problems right off the bat. First of all, it’s not clear what some of these even are. What’s Control? And what’s Daring? It turns out Control is basically dexterity, whereas Daring doesn’t have an easy comparison. It’s used whenever a character is acting aggressively or, well, daring.

Unintuitive stat names are annoying, but it’s not a huge deal. Worse is that even once you’ve read the rules, it’s often not clear which combination you should use. My first instinct was that melee attacks would use Fitness, and ranged attacks would use Daring. Silly me, melee attacks use Daring, and ranged attacks use Control.

At least in those examples the rules actually say what combination of stats and skills to use. Often that’s not the case. What combination should be used when commanding a ship in battle? That sounds like it would be Command, but Security is usually used for combat, and I’m even less sure which Attribute to use.

The biggest hole is social skills. I cannot for the life of me figure out what Discipline is best for that. Command works when addressing lower-ranked officers, but what about a superior officer? What about someone outside the command structure entirely, like an alien ambassador? Command feels wrong there, but there’s nothing else that even comes close.

This uncertainty about which abilities to use creates two problems. One, it means players don’t know how to build their characters to do what they want to do. A player might build a master martial artist with high Fitness, only to find out that attribute is useless for kung fu. Worse, it gives players an incentive to argue for whichever abilities they’re best at. If a PC has high Command and Presence, they’ll want to use it as often as possible, and the rules don’t provide enough guidance on when to say no.

The Problems of Star Trek Are Not Addressed

This system does a lot wrong, but more damning is what it leaves out. Namely, there’s little in Star Trek Adventures to address problems like abusable technology and the difficulty of creating compelling conflict in a utopian setting. The system makes a few attempts at narrative rules, but they’re completely vestigial. What you’re left with is a run-of-the-mill simulationist system in a setting that it can’t handle.

Star Trek Adventures works, but it will require a GM who is both very into Star Trek and ready to wrestle the system into submission. The dense and confusing nature of the rules will make this harder. If you want a Star Trek campaign, the more rewarding path would be to go with a heavily abstracted narrative system like Primetime Adventures or Fate. That way it’ll be easier to gloss over the problems with technology and go straight for your story.

Treat your friends to an evening of dark ritual murder. In a fictional game scenario, of course. Uncover your lost memories and save the day in our stand-alone game, The Voyage.

Read more about ,



  1. GeniusLemur

    I’d have also mentioned how the basic attributes and disciplines are so obviously centered around being a Starfleet officer. Which of those disciplines apply to, say, an undercover agent for the Federation? A pergium miner on Janus VI? A groundskeeper at Starfleet Academy? It doesn’t look to me like this character system can really function outside the narrow limits of “You are a Starfleet officer or alien equivalent.”

    • Oren Ashkenazi

      That’s also true. I didn’t think to mention it because I’m generally okay with games that have a very narrow focus but yeah if you pick this game up wanting to play someone like Quark you’re gonna be in trouble.

  2. TwistedWhim

    I have a question for you Mr. Ashkenazi, do you have the same feelings about Fate Core?

    • Oren Ashkenazi

      I don’t think so. I’m not a big fan of Fate, but it’s a very different system with different strengths and weaknesses.

  3. MrBlue

    I enjoyed reading your article, but there’s several inaccuracies here. Like, all rolls double successes on 1, and Focus only increases that range based on the associated Discipline (basically enhancing “critical threat range” in d20 terms, so the “perpetual momentum machine” is far from a given, even for gullible GMs). Supporting characters are not dedicated to a player – they are a shared resource that can be “activated” on a limited basis per adventure. One of the first rules I read in the book specified a 3-die purchase limit on any task. Ships can provide assistance roles on many types of tasks beyond combat, supporting the Star Trek “ship is a character” mentality. Etc.

    All of which probably supports your thoughts that the organization of these rules could be better, but playing it once does eliminate most of that.

    I will say, I agree about the adventure writing advice. Nothing (in any game I’ve seen so far) compares to the amazing advice given GMs in the Decipher ST Narrator’s guide and I still use it.

  4. Darkraven

    To add to MrBlue’s comments, you also missed that during character creation there is a option to grow up on an alien’s planet, Option 6 under Enviroment and there is also a side note on page 102 for a mixed heritage

    • Matticus

      Being a long time GM, DM, I thought the character creation was refreshing, very interesting, and very fun. My groups loved it and it nice that compared too many other table top RPGs character creation is super easy to explain and takes much less time too develop the character.

  5. Fasafan

    I really want to like this game, and still do at the moment, but I’m one of those dedicated Star Trek fans like you mentioned.

    Watching YouTube videos on how to play, and searching for opinion pieces like this on the game are probably not good signs of an easily understandable system… and that is what I’m doing.

    I like the 2d20 method and I like the Lifepath creation system, but I wonder how future supplements will handle Romulan, Klingon, Trader, etc. characters – if we are lucky enough to see them.

    In my opinion, I would have been fine with Modiphius making two books instead of one, and/or eliminating the flavor text. Good grief. They must have had a page count goal in mind. That stuff, as you say, is EVERYWHERE. They could have quadrupled the number of player character races available if they would have removed a tenth of the exposition- and I’m not kidding.

    Additionally, additional proofreaders would have helped tremendously. In this age of desktop publishing, these errors are everywhere in media. However, that does not excuse them. The book is rife with misspellings and comma splices. It is also just too wordy.

    They need a GM QuickStart like they have for PCs (free pdf download).

  6. Wil Hostman

    The metacurrency problem includes that it’s very easy for threat to snowball, as, unlike momentum, it’s not capped. Having run a campaign of about 3 months duration (during playtest), with a mix of their and my adventures, and 5 regular players, there is a snowball effect when players pay threat to get extra dice, and then get unlucky. Threat has several uses besides additional dice; it’s not used to directly adjust difficulty. (Complication traits are scene-persistent, typically, and only apply to later rolls. Further, they can be overcome and/or deleted by actions.)

    It is used for:
    • Additional Dice for NPC actions
    • Avoiding NPC Complications (2 threat for each complication avoided)
    • Increasing the PC’s complication range (downward – 1st point drops the complication range from 20 to 19-20, 2nd 18-20, 3rd 17-20, 4th 16-20.
    • Creating Complications without PC’s rolling them – 2 points each.
    • Reinforcements – 1 or 2 points per each. Without this spend, the GM is not supposed to add characters during a scene.
    • Creating new environmental situations mid-scene.
    • cutting a scene short (2 per PC in scene.)

    I’ve had 3 sessions where the threat pool went up so fast, and the players luck was so poor, that the end still had a huge pile of threat left (and since it’s supposed to be tokenized, and visible), in the case where they pulled it off left them feeling like I hadn’t been fair; they felt robbed of their success, because it was obvious I was going easy on them. The third, they failed horribly, and it was obvious that I’d gone easy and they still failed. This is from bad rolls right at the star with large pools, followed by relevant complications there from. One of those rolls was 5d20, no successes gained, and 3 20’s showing up – about 1:1108 chance. JT has done that twice in the playtest….

    One key caveat about scenes is buried in the GM Threat Discussion (p. 281):
    “When you are framing a scene, it is up to you which Traits you establish affecting how the Player Characters will interact with the scene. Once the scene is underway, the only way to change those circumstances is the use of Threat, or through the actions of Non-Player Characters.”

    I will say this: The system as adapted does not interfere with a Trek feel… but it won’t create it mechanically, either.

    And, as regards comparing it to Fate Core, and also to Cortex Plus…
    • In Fate, when the GM applies the mechanics to your detriment (compels, Invoking your aspects against you) you get paid Fate Points (the metacurrency), and when you invoke yours you pay back the Fate Points. This is a positive reward cycle for accepting the bad juju.
    • In Cortex Plus (Firefly, Smallville, Leverage, Marvel Heroic Roleplay), the GM has to buy the complications rolled by PCs for them to materialize into traits, and players likewise when the NPC’s roll complications. Again, positive feedback loop for bad stuff happening.
    • In 2d20, you do not get rewarded for the complications; this encourages those players who are ethically challenged to lie about their rolls. Negative reinforcement loop. Roll Bad early, and it makes things harder.

    All three are about the same level of complexity, the same level of story-drivenness, and similar levels of indeterminism with gear…. but 2d20 uses metacurrency more often, and for more severe uses, than either Fate or Cortex Plus.

    One positive change from playtest is that threat range is now worded so it appears to be only for a single action, unless it’s scene framed (and then it applies to the NPCs, too).

    • Steve S

      Perhaps this game will finally encourage you to kick out those “ethically challenged people”, otherwise known as cheaters, from your group. The game shouldn’t have to reward you for getting a complication. Fate doesn’t do this either. Bad things can happen as a result of dice rolls and you get nothing. In Cortex+ you can get rewarded by the GM buying your 1’s, but you only get a single plot point per complication they inflict on you. If you roll 4 1’s they can buy them all and give you a nasty complication for only a single plot point.

    • Matticus

      Threat may increase rapidly but it’s a great tool too use too show the players how much just might go wrong! It is used to increase tension. As the GM you can decide how and when to use it and you shouldn’t feel as though you have too use all of it. Your the GM in control of the game. If the players don’t feel satisfied by the end of it, it is not the threat/momentum mechanic.

  7. Ian C Murphy

    Stumbled upon this ‘review’ while searching for something else. I think its clear the writer hasn’t actually done any real playtesting of the rules. I’ve been running a group for over a year and they love the game. While its not perfect, over and over what I have heard from my players was ‘it feels like Star Trek’. It’s been a huge success for Modiphius and was a huge draw at GenCon this year one year after release. If you are considering buying and playing this game, please do some other research.

  8. Betazoid

    I’ve played two long sessions of this game so far and it’s going terribly. The amount of time it takes the GM and the players to find any information about what they want their characters to do is just painful. The Index and Table of Contents are of no help. The rules on social interaction are confusing and not useful. I have even watched many fan created video tutorials on Youtube and read the core rulebook thoroughly. I have felt much more stress than fun while learning this game. It’s a shame, because I am a huge Trek fan.

    • Oren Ashkenazi

      I’m on the same page with you. I’d love to have a Star Trek game that works well but for me this one just isn’t it. I’ve found both Fate and Primetime Adventures work pretty well for Trek though.

  9. neil Parham

    I’ve been running a game for a while now and to be fair a lot of the faults the reviewer highlights I must agree with him. I’ve taken to only using rules that I like and pretty much doing my own thing with the rest. This game needs a re-write.

    • Oren Ashkenazi

      House ruling for the win!

    • FASAfan

      I think you’re right on the money. I don’t mind the “number of successes” bit; I actually think it’s ok. I could care less about Threat and Momentum.

      Unfortunately, it seems like all of the Species Talents simply modify how Threat and Momentum are used, so that cuts in half the uniqueness of playing a different species, at least mechanically.

      After 30+ years as a “student” of Star Trek RPGs, I have to say that less rules and mechanics is more… much more.

  10. Michael Campbell

    I think you’ll find it’s “fewer rules”.

    Basically if a thing comes in finite units then it’s “fewer” and “less” if it’s more homogeneous.
    So, now that you have fewer soldiers; you have less firepower.
    Now, that you have fewer grains of sand; you have less sand.
    We have fewer liters of water, so we have less water.

    Even if things come in different shapes and sizes, it’s the finite identity that causes the word fewer to be used instead of less.
    Now that I have fewer kitchen utensils, I have fewer recipes that I can attempt. This is different to; “Now that I have less food in my pantry, I have fewer recipes I can attempt.”
    So even though rules come in different shapes and sizes, I suspect it’s “fewer rules” not “less rules”.

    • FASAfan

      Dude! LOL!!

      • Michael Campbell

        I’m glad you liked it.
        My other common one is:- There’s no K in everything.
        By default that means there’s no such words as “somethink” nor even “anythink”.

        Oh and “turret”:- a “turrent” sounds like a cross between something you fight battles with and something you put in a Christmas cake.

        Rules come in specific packages.
        Hence SFB has rule numbers.
        Even the introductory rules allude to the rule numbers with rule numbers being retained in the chapter headings.

  11. Zach

    It is never fair to judge a new game system to that of D&D, which is on its 5th full revision. So far I love this system as it supports more of a narrative structure, and less meta gaming, which matches the universe. My players like it thus far, as long as the rolls are about situation you create, I don’t find the Attribute/Discipline system hard to figure out at all. The Attributes are stacked to show the top and bottom are almost opposites, Control/Daring, Fitness/Insight, and Presence/Reason. The book is confusing and lacks brevity, and could benefit from more tables for quick reference. Also, anything that is an open option should have more off the shelf options, like focuses and values. But like i stated, this is a narrative based game system, D&D wins for tactics and meta gaming, but that also requires the GM/DM and players to memorize so many micro rules.

    • Oren Ashkenazi

      Out of curiosity, Zach, what in this review makes you think I’m comparing Star Trek Adventures to D&D?

    • neil parham

      As much as I find the rules are in need of revision the game I am running seems to be going really well using a “Star Trek Lite” version of the rules. The game lends itself very well to narrative gaming and as long as the GM and players are not meta game focused and as a collective want to enjoy the world of Star Trek it makes for a good game. I think you are right, over a period of time and with rule revisions it can only improve and as is a good foundation to work from.

  12. Jasin Moridin

    Regarding the inability of PCs to succeed on a Difficulty 4+ Task on their own, given how robust the Assist action is (Can the player helping out figure out some way their PC’s abilities can help? Then go ahead and roll a single d20 using that Attribute/Discipline set and add that to the initial player’s roll), I’d say that it’s an intentional attempt to reward focusing on teamwork. Which is pretty thematically appropriate for running a game involving a crew on a Federation starship, actually.

    The flexibility of exactly what Attributes go with what Disciplines does require players and GMs to work together on figuring out what needs to be rolled, and that takes the GM getting into a cooperative, “let’s build this story together” mindset, and a fair amount of winging it. I could see a stereotypical “TOMB OF HORRORS IS THE BEST D&D MODULE EVER!” kind of GM having issues.

    The writing really is extremely hit or miss. The background info is mostly great, the rules are largely okay, some bits spell things out perfectly, and some *really* don’t. There are also more typos than I’ve seen from WotC or FFG games.

    I do like the fact that the game assumes that all of the PCs are going to be competent at their jobs from the beginning. Also, the GM Screen includes player cheat sheets for basic rules and the stuff various bridge positions can do, which is awesome.

    Having played and run games in multiple editions of D&D, Warhammer Fantasy Roleplay 3rd Edition, the FFG Warhammer 40k and Star Wars games, and read enough of the rules to be able to play in NWoD and Shadowrun, I could see bits from all of their rules in STA, so it does feel a bit Frankensteined together to me.

    The last thing I have to say is that one of the supplements allows a truly evil GM to inflict Lwaxana Troi on the players. MUAHAHAHAHAHAHA!

    • FASAfan

      I’m so hoping the Starter Boxed Set is clearer than the current core rules hardback. I like the game, but Lord, is it wordy… and confusing in places…

  13. Dave L

    “The Star Trek Adventures Hardcover Colour Book comes in a full colour edition with black text on a white background exclusive to DTRPG (!”

    They advertise that like it’s a good thing

    It is not

    • FASAfan

      I think I agree with you, but was curious as to your reasoning. My reasoning it’s not a good thing is that to get a more readable copy, one must purchase an exclusive book – and many of us already have the retail copy.

      I’ll admit I’ve been tempted, but I don’t think the black text on white print will help me absorb the game any better.

  14. GreatWyrmGold

    “Star Trek is all about social conflict, but it quickly becomes apparent that this chapter is a lie. Despite pages upon pages of text, there are almost no rules for social conflicts. Instead, the entire chapter is vague advice on what kinds of social tactics a character might employ.”

    But Oren, you don’t need to write rules for this stuff! Just say it’s important and tell people to roleplay it, letting them handle it however they want. That’s good enough, right?
    Ugh. I hate the token “Oh, sure, social situations are important. Figure them out yourself.” that so many RPGs include. Can you imagine if someone tried to pull that off for the combat rules?

    • Daniel Gunther

      While I can understand you feeling the social conflict of STA is lacking, the idea of allowing groups to figure out how they want to handle matters is a strength of the system, at least for me. As a suggestion, here’s the approach I’ve taken since the playttest:

      Diplomacy is handled as an Extended Challenge.
      Debates are handled by adapting unarmed combat –
      Resolve (Social Stress): Command + Presence. Damage inflicted is equal to a number of challenge dice equal to 1 + Command. With many of the same features of hand to hand combat – such as Guard easily adjusted to social conflict with no change to difficulty.
      When trying Deception such outright lying and the like, it is a toss up between a simple roll verse difficulty or just straight up role play.

      Have at. I personally don’t mind this being set-up the way it was.

    • Oren Ashkenazi

      Just for the record, I don’t super mind a lack of more complex social rules. It’s a little disappointing, but NBD, not every system can have those rules. The issue is that there’s an entire chapter promising me social rules but then there are none to be found. If it just wanted me to handle things the way makes sense to me, a couple paragraphs would have done the trick.

  15. Earl

    I’m willing to overlook a lot of the criticisms I’ve read in this article. But my main question is: What does a DnD level 20 character look like in Star Trek Adv??? I haven’t gone through the core rule book yet, but I haven’t seen much regarding why I would want to start out as a Starfleet Officer. It seems like you would want to start out as the lowest of positions on a ship and work your way up…

    • Oren Ashkenazi

      As I recall, you don can start out as any rank you like that the group agrees to, you just have the same number of skill points. So one PC is the captain, one is the first officer, etc, but they have the same number of points to buy skills and stats with.

      From there you gain XP and raise skills like you do in most skill based systems. The difference between a starting character and a character with lots of XP is a lot smaller than it is in D&D. You might get a higher Command skill, but you’ll never become the demigod type character that is a level 20 D&D character.

    • Foghorn

      I’m just starting to go through the book for the first time, but I think it’s important to note here that a 20th level D&D character doesn’t look like anything in STA, because the character creation & progression goals are radically different.

      The idea of STA is for you to portray more or less the bridge crew of a Starfleet vessel (or space station equivalent for you DS9 fans (yes, pre-Defiant) out there) from day one, same as we’re introduced to Kirk, McCoy, Spock, and Chekov on day 1.

      You do pretty much just choose your rank during character creation and it’s just as easy for someone to start as a captain as an ensign. There are some rules that give you a risk/reward system for choosing a higher or lower rank. Higher rank gives you some benefits for recognition or ‘pulling rank’ in some scenarios, but you’re held to a higher standard than the ensigns of the group.

      From what I’ve been able to see, the trade-off to starting with the wildly competent characters in STA is that progression is monumentally slow. For the most part, there’s ways to move some points around and ‘retrain’ as you go.

      For what it’s worth, I don’t see this as a failing of the STA system, it’s just apples/oranges when compared to a level-based progression system like D&D.

    • Daniel Gunther

      The system does allow for creating non-starfleet officers – “Below Decks” crewman and such if you want. Just remember, Star Fleet uses a military heirarchy with enlisted and officers. Focus on the enlisted side of things and keep the officers as NPCs. Hell O’Brien worked his way into a primary character and he was just a Chief Petty Officer – yet headed the engineering department of DS9.

  16. Daniel Gunther

    Hey there! Middle-aged, long-time table-top RPGer – been playing various RPGs since I was 8 years old (1981). In anycase, I’ve been playing STA since the play test. Between the old FASA percentile system, LUG/Decipher, d20 Prime Directive, and STA – for me STA hits all the marks for Star Trek.

    Despite my love for the system, I do have two criticisms:
    …the core book is not easily referenced if you feel the need to look something up. something I’ve overcome with having an at a glance; and,
    …the “meta-currency” interferes with the occurrence of players outright failing. Yes, I believe failure/set-backs are integral to an enjoyable game experience. As a player I don’t want to have any kind of agency to put matters such I increase my chance of success beyond that which my character is capable. As a GM, I loathe seeing any kind of agency that usurps the natural flow of the game. Sometimes things just go badly AND that should NOT be decreased, removed, or enhanced in game play.

    Beyond those two criticisms, I love the flexibility and apparent simplicity of the system. I have yet to have a session in two years of running in my home group and at Save Against Fear in Harrisburg that failed to feel like Trek. To each their own. If you’re looking for a “clearly-defined” system – STA won’t work for you. It focuses on not getting bogged down with minutiae.

    • FASAfan

      ” It focuses on not getting bogged down with minutiae.”

      Except when dealing with Threat and Momentum. Come to thing of it, most of the rules and “exceptions by rule” deals with Threat and Momentum.

  17. Karl

    A few points here concerning this review. I myself am about to run this game, so needless to say, I’ve been pouring over the rules like mad.

    – I’ll agree that the rules are confusing. But not because it’s overly complicated. I find the problem here is one I’ve seen other RPGs run into which is poor layout. Most (not all) STA rules are fairly straight forward. The problem is you’ll have one rule on one page, and then another rule that’s directly tied to it in a completely different section. So it’s a slow learning process involving lots of turning back and forth from section to section and is indeed annoying. But aside from that, the rules are actually fairly streamlined. But it is indeed a more abstract system than straight forward crunchy systems like most iterations of D&D.

    – Combat is anything but boring. In fact, combat is quite deadly, especially ground combat. Without cover or armor, it’s fairly easy for someone to land lethal or non-lethal injuries since all they need to do is roll 5 or more damage regardless of how much stress the targets still has. And one really wonderful thing here is that ground combat and ship combat are virtually the same. The only real difference is that ships can take considerably more punishment than individuals and hence can and will suffer multiple breaches before being taken out. And don’t forget spending Momentum here. Momentum usage is *critical* in combat for dealing with strong opponents or when you want to end a fight quick. Mind you, the GM can do the same with Threat …

    – A ship is *never* the core dice roller on any action. It only ever assists. And when a ship can assist is very simple: is the action performed by the player dependent on using a ship system to make it happen? Then it assists. So a tactical officer firing a ship’s weapons gets assisted by the ship. That same officer firing a hand phaser at a boarding Jem’Hadar does NOT get assisted by the ship since he’s not using the ship systems to shoot that target in the corridor. It’s really straight forward. Personally, I am absolutely in love with how ship mechanics works in this. I do agree that ship combat can get clunky without reference material, but fortunately, the GM screen provides cheat sheets for that. Plus you can always print them out from the PDF.

    – Skills and Stats are vague … until they are not. The problem here is not one with the game itself, but is instead a fault in us players. That is to say we are so grounded in the very precise and large skill list that we are grounded in that way of thinking. Also, the attributes in STA are radically different than in other games … and BETTER. It’s really really simple. Control and Daring are the ACTION stats. Control is simply when you do things in a precise methodical manner. Daring is when your action is instant and reactive. Is your engineer taking his time to patch up the warp core? Control. Is your engineer hurridly hammering commands because something went wrong and a device is about 10 seconds from exploding in his face? Daring. Insight and Reason are UNDERSTANDING stats, but also along a similar line. So Insight is the knowledge version of Daring … you quickly notice something at the corner of your eye, or you’re engaged in negociations and spotted a delegate suddenly looking uncomfortable when you bring up a treaty. Reason on the other hand is when you are using your logic to sift through data to find what you are looking for. So say the captain wishes to research local customs before meeting delegates … that would be a Reason+Command roll. As for Fitness and Presence … these are basically like passives, sorta. Fitness is your physical endurance. Presence is your raw charisma. That’s about it.

    Overall, I really like the system … but it DOES have a sharp learning curve due to how different it is from anything else. But once that learning curve is dealt with, it’s actually quite a smooth system. I LOVE the momentum and threat economy as it makes the game very team focused.

    • JVV

      I’ve been playing STA for over a year now and I agree with Karl’s take. The original review reflects a read through the game, but my experience from play has, over time, shown that it’s actually quite a good game in a lot of ways, if not without some flaws.

      Unquestionably, the game’s learning curve is tough and the main rulebook is also an unnecessarily difficult read. (The rules in the new Klingon book are MUCH clearer.) 2D20 games read weirdly but play well once you get the hang of them, although they’ve been trending in a more abstract direction than STA I’m not as happy with. So a review that doesn’t actually involve a reasonable playtest isn’t going to catch those aspects. Unfortunately “a reasonable playtest” isn’t likely to be a quick one. Achieving a reasonable degree of system proficiency is an undertaking.

      STA has some really great qualities, though. With only six Attributes, six Disciplines, Talents, Values, and Focuses, it’s possible to generate markedly different characters. I played two Science officers and have seen a third in play and all have been markedly different, despite serving the same basic role on the ship.

      STA makes it interesting and indeed essential to help others take actions, too, which is fairly unusual in RPGs. Usually helping feels like you lost your turn, but here it’s an integral part of the game. Taking actions to build Momentum are very much part of how the game runs and there are characters whose Talents make them very good at helping.

      I totally agree about combat being quite deadly and dynamic once you understand it. A lot of the tactics comes from using Momentum and Talents to break out of “I go, you go, I go, you go” cycle. If you’re not using those, you’re really missing out on what the system offers.

      In sum: It’s most definitely not a space simulator, it’s a TV show simulator. Anyone who wants the former is going to be disappointed. However, once you learn how to play the game it works very well and does indeed generate a “Star Trek” feel, at least insofar as it simulates being a Starfleet crew.

  18. Byron

    Thanks for writing this out and patching in clarifications. Im planning on running this soon, and seeing its weaknesses lets me prepare for them.

  19. Leanna

    I respectfully disagree with the overall poor review of this system. My husband has been running a one on one game for me for almost two years now and it is amazing. He is the best GM/DM I have ever encountered/watched and he caters his style to his players. Since I am a huge roleplayer and get invested in my characters and their stories, that’s where he puts most of his energy. He has long been a Trekkie and knows the lore very well. We learned the system together and went into it with open minds knowing it would be different than any other tabletop RPG we play. There are still some rules we have to look up, but I can say that for every system.
    I am very sorry you don’t enjoy this system. Personal preferences abound in all things, don’t they?
    May you have good GMs and epic adventures!

  20. William Hostman

    The attributes are not that unclear, but each (excepting reason) mixes mental and physical
    Control: Both Dexterity and Willpower, also attention to detail, even some rigid logic forms
    Daring: reaction speed, agility, and bravery.
    Fitness: constitution, health, and resistance to both mental and physical stress
    Insight: Physical perception, intuition.empathy
    Presence: Attractiveness, Charisma
    Reason: raw intellect, memory, logic.

    The issue is the disciplines… The linking them to the departments is a cute gimmick, but that’s really what it is – a gimmick. That’s where 90% of the player confusion lies in my experience.
    Command is the default for interpersonal….
    John Carter goes even more in that direction, by using only attributes – always pairs –
    The fluff is great, the game is not bad, but far from great (and I was part of the playtest … it’s better than it was in playtest.)

    I’d rather have seen more concrete discipline titles (and ones that do not have the same first 3 letters as any attribute nor each other)… and maybe more of them. The discipline/focus combination works nicely…
    I tend to have trouble, however, spending all the threat my players generate without violating the advice to not be a jerk. A number of playtesters did.

    2d20 overall is fun, but I really prefer a less abstract and slightly more simulationist ruleset… Still, I’m running it, and enjoying it.

    A great game helps to enforce the genre in a subtle but powerful way. STA doesn’t, but it also doesn’t get in the way.

  21. SomeoneWhoReadTheRules

    So your review makes me think you’ve misunderstood the entire system. All of your complaints, other than poor book layout, boil down to one thing: A bad GM who doesn’t understand the system.

    You complain there are no rules for social conflict, and then complain there are too strict rules for physical combat, despite being wrong on both counts. You complain that the 2d20 system makes it too hard to succeed, but turn around and complain about the systems that make those rolls possible. Some you ignore, traits you mention but say you just ignored in-play, and you even complain that momentum lead to your players continually making easy rolls, despite the fact you could have just not let them, because you’re the GM! In fact, based on the fact you thought the ship could roll (it never does) and that someone had to point out the very obvious character creation options of alien homeworld and mixed species to you, I’m pretty sure you never bothered to actually read the book.

    Side note, players CAN get three successes on two dice, read the rules. But even if what you said WERE true, there are so many different things they can use to get there. Plus, difficulty 3 is a pretty significant difficulty. You’re basically complaining that a player needs to use the mechanics to do something very difficult in-game, and they can choose from traits, momentum, talents, determination, equipment, assistance, focuses, threat, success-at-cost, and more to help them succeed.

    The system is a narrative and flexible system, built to adapt to the story and encourage role-playing. If you’re upset your players are succeeding, this is not the game for you. If you’re upset you need to establish scenes, this is not the game for you. If you’re upset that the GM is expected to know the rules, this is not the game for you. There are lots of smaller systems given as an example of what COULD happen because it’s up to the GM to tailor the system to the narrative. Anything could happen, so it’s an inherently open system to allow many different methods of mechanical resolution based on the narrative.

    In case anyone else finds this and feels turned off from this system, I would suggest completely ignoring this and finding a different review. Almost everything complained about in this article is blatantly wrong, or from a perspective where actually role-playing in a role-playing game is never even considered.

  22. Jeffrey malcolmson

    Problems I see:

    • Disorganized rulebook. This isn’t the worst I’ve seen (that medal goes to Polaris) and it follows the 80s/90s RPG tradition of being a tangled pile of rules spaghetti… but that doesn’t justify just how poorly organized it really is in the current gaming scene. Like, get with the times, read how other games have organized their information, and do what’s necessary to speak clearly.

    • If my players can’t keep track of what’s permanently written on their character sheet that they themselves chose (which is the norm for the vast majority of gamers) they will never ever be able to track a metacurrency or remember that it can even be used at all, let alone 3 different metacurrencies.

    • The math is about the same as it is for a standard roll-to-hit system, it’s just rearranged and ultimately conceptually confusing. So, you want your stats as high as possible, but you want your rolls as low as possible, so you can get as many hits as possible. It’s basically the THAC0 problem all over again. Even if people are capable of doing the math easily and understand how it works, they will never understand why the game is designed to have its values alternate between positive and negative logic. D&D and most other games in general learned this lesson a long time ago: Bigger numbers should equal better results all the time, run everything in positive logic, or normal non-enthusiast people will dislike your game and not buy it. Is bigger=better the mindset of an ignorant juvenile? Yes. Of course it is. Welcome to the human species.

    • Initiative combat. Yuck. I’m sick of this approach to combat. Can you imagine playing a wargame where each unit has a turn instead of each army having one unified turn? Awful mechanic that consumes time for no return on that investment and locks people out of play while one person strains their brain for several minutes trying to figure out if they want to shoot target A or target B.
    My solution: Start of combat, everyone describes how they plan to contribute to their side’s effort to win the fight. These descriptions decide which stat combination they roll against and whether any traits/focuses/talents come into play. People buy extra dice if they can. Everyone rolls and pools all of their hits for their side. Whichever side rolled the most hits wins. Anyone who rolls a 20 got injured. If they got injured multiple times, it’s a severe injury. Shish boom bah, you’re done. Want to make it a longer combat? Make it a challenge so they have to do it several times, or run the combat until everyone on one side has been shot down. Want to represent something other than combat like a tense negotiation? No problem, just use different stat combinations, gear, traits, etc., and skip the injuries step! What you roll depends on how you roleplay your approach to the conflict, so the roleplay is mandatory to know what you’re even doing in the system.

  23. Donald Davis

    Been GMing since ’85 and played FASA and SFB to-death, and have been forming my first campaign with new and experienced RPG players using the latest STA rules. I must say that several of the high-level observations in this thread are correct, in particular poor writing that includes a lot of redundancy, interrupting flavor text, and just lazy descriptions of key concepts (Momentum vs. Threat, Social Conflict, etc.) To make it accessible, I transcribed the rules into an better-organized, abridged document and (sometimes painstakingly) clarified/re-wrote certain mechanics. These are the rules we now refer to, using the rule and source books to add flavor.

    However, consider that Star Trek is really, really *big*. The amount of mechanics required to get players into a military-structured environment with almost limitless sci-fi capacity is stupefying with any set of rules. Any Star Trek game is going to be heavily reliant on the quality of the GM, as well as players curious about the universe and willing to take on a lot of additional time doing research into the cannon and past events. The GM really needs to break it down for the players and be well-read and prepared to officiate the mechanics, as appropriate. Beyond that, they also need to understand Star Trek *very* well and use the STA tools (like Scenes, Tasks, etc.) to keep it all under control.

    Regarding concerns around Momentum/Threat, this is where – IMO – the game shines, *if* the GM clearly explains the purpose of the system to the players, sticks to the STA guidelines that constrain the GM from just making up stuff, and then work the points systems to keep the amount of Threat under control – its not easy; not for the novice GM, but can be very rewarding when executed well, and that takes practice and experience.

    Another benefit to this system is that it makes it easier than most to convert legacy materials to modern play, if/when the GM wants to do that. The Attribute + Discipline system adapts well to new content, and experienced players quickly figure out which Attribute cover which situations. P.S. I *never* allow the ship to make a roll – its only/always an Assist for a player taking a Task check. The ship, like any piece of equipment is a tool; never a player.

    So, far, in short, my gaming group finds it “very Trekkie” and fun to play, but mainly because I’ve taken a lot of extra time and effort to clean up the rule book. Someone else posted above, and I agree, it needs a total re-write to clarify some of the important concepts and make it more accessible to more casual gaming groups. However, I’d still recommend it to any GM with some years under their belt and a passion for going where no one has gone before!

    • Patrik

      Would you be willing to share your re-written rules? I (like many others) also find them quite painful to go through, and have thought about rewriting them myself.

    • Darren Raymond

      Hi Donald thanks for your comments Re: Star Trek Adventures

      Just browsing through as I received this game for Xmas and some of the criticisms concerned me. Your comments were a relief as many comments are dated. I was wondering if you would be willing to share your clarification of Terms and rules for a novice GM just starting out. Let me know. Ta
      Cheers Darren
      Merry Christmas to all

  24. Eric Pierson

    Just stumbled on this review. Enjoy the game. Grew up on Original Star Trek but not a “hardcore fan” or anything. Also, I do prefer more narrative RPGs like PbtA rule sets but sometimes enjoy something with a little more crunch.

    My group and I have not house ruled anything yet in Star Trek Adventures. I am guessing we don’t have as much of an abuse of technology because we are running in the Original Series era, so I cannot comment on that aspect of this review.

    One thing about this review that struck me, though, was the author’s inability to determine what combination of Attributes and Disciplines to use for a given occasion. The rulebook dedicates a couple of pages specifically to address any confusion a person may have with this. As weirdly as this book is organized (I find the layout not intuitive to learning the game, and probably my largest gripe), that section is rather obvious,

    This, for me at least, calls into question the entire review and its accuracy. I would encourage people to give the game a try, as long as you like some crunch in your mechanics (my Monster of the Week players would shoot me if I introduced this game to them).

    • Loki

      I agree with the comment about the combination of Attribute + Discipline, but once again, it comes back to the atrocious layout of the rulebook. In the rulebook, this section is a run-on list split over 5(!) pages with redundancy (with a half page of image unnecessarily inserted inbetween) and some of the sections being split between two columns. It will also give you a running text of the _general_ purpose of the Attribute/Discipline and some visually easy to finde very _specific_ examples as bullet points.
      As a GM, one of my main tasks is determining what combination of Attribute + Discipline to use for an outlandish task my PCs attempt. So I want the exact opposite of what this layout provides – I want to at a glance see what the general purpose of an attribute is and to skip it if I see it doesn’t fit.
      Actually, I would have loved a quick lookup table where you have the attributes on the left side and the disciplines at the top, with the table containing examples for the tasks.
      So quite frankly, I do not blame OP for complaining about this part.

Leave a Comment

Please see our comments policy (updated 03/28/20) and our privacy policy for details on how we moderate comments and who receives your information.