In a book I am currently writing, the fictional society has moved beyond any kind of transphobia, so being transgender is not treated as being anything out of the ordinary. Given this, I am wondering how to show that a character is transgender if it is not something that anyone would comment on or care about in-universe?
Good for you! This is a great thing to take on.
It probably won’t be much harder to specify that a character is trans in your world. Marginalized groups aren’t just defined by the oppression against them; they have inherently different experiences that will matter to them. However, the experiences of trans people may depend on some of the details of your world: How does society perceive gender? Does the world have technology or magic for easily changing the body? (Keep in mind that while many trans people would want to change their bodies, some don’t have body dysphoria and would not choose to change anything.)
Regardless, to specify that a character is trans, you’ll be looking for the small differences in the experiences and lifestyles of trans and cis people. Here are some possibilities:
- A man might think of/mention the possibility of giving birth or becoming pregnant, or a woman might mention getting someone else pregnant.
- A character might casually mention taking testosterone or estrogen.
- Getting dressed could be different – a trans man may wear a chest binder.
- A trans woman might need to look for high heels at extra-large sizes.
- A character might discuss how they chose their own name, or they might still be testing out a potential new name that may not be their final one.
- Pictures or stories from the past might reveal a character used to present as a different gender. (If assigned genders at birth are not a thing in your world, this person could also be gender fluid.)
- Even in an accepting world, it might take some time for people to adjust to using different pronouns for the same person. I don’t recommend actually showing people using the wrong pronoun for your trans characters, but your trans character might mention experiences with having the wrong pronoun used or having to correct or remind people what their pronoun is.
If you’re cis and haven’t had these experiences yourself, you’ll want to stay away from the more sensitive parts of a trans person’s transition. That includes changes to the body, coming to a realization about their gender, and trying a different gender presentation for the first time. While these things will be less sensitive in a world without oppression, they’ll still be sensitive for your trans readers. Generally, it’s easier to avoid things that are too sensitive if your character is post-transition.
When communicating a character is trans, there’s a balance between being so subtle that people won’t catch on and making too big a deal out of it. It’s generally something that should be present but should not be the center of attention. If you use more subtle cues, you’ll want more than one. And having multiple signs over the course of the story will help your trans character feel like a trans character and not like a cis character that’s just been labeled as trans.