Analysis

Four Sexist Themes From The Wheel of Time

If you’re completely unfamiliar with high fantasy literature (in which case, I apologize in advance for the Red Wedding), The Wheel of Time is a series of books first written by Robert Jordan and later finished by Brandon Sanderson after Mr. Jordan passed away. It consists of 14 main books, a prequel novel, some comic books, and a handful of video games. The story spans years, and has had dedicated fans since the first book was published in 1990.

The WoT setting is incredibly rich and complex. Almost everything has a series specific name attached to it rather than relying on existing fantasy archetypes. Magic users are called channelers, female channelers make up an organization called the Aes Sedai, and magic itself is referred to as the One Power. The setting is also extremely sexist.

1. Magic Comes Bundled With Gender Roles

The magic system in the Wheel of Time is incredibly complicated, but the short version is that the One Power is divided into two halves, a male half and a female half. Men use one, women use the other. This might sound like an unnecessary distinction, but the books are very quick to tell you that there are inherent differences between man magic and woman magic.

The first noted difference is that men are better with earth and fire magic, while women are better with air and water. I suppose burning rocks are manly? The second, and far more profound difference is in how the magic is used. Men must seize control of their power. They must dominate and control it, wield it like a weapon. Women must submit to their power, providing gentle guidance.

WoT’s magic system forces men to behave one way and women another. Who they are, the essential nature of their character, is supplanted by the type of plumbing they were born with. If you’re a man like me who’s never felt particularly like dominating or controlling anyone, you’ll be a terrible channeler.

Our real life society is full of gender roles that prescribe men and women to act a certain way, but those are almost entirely social in nature. In WoT, those gender roles are written into the very fabric of the universe. Men must act in one way and women in another. In real life, this is the kind of thinking that leads to men being relentlessly bullied for wanting to wear pink and women being told their place is in the kitchen.

These conceits don’t even work within the context of the story. For example, take Moiraine Damodred, one of the best characters in the series. She is a channeler who, for the early books at least, works almost entirely with earth and fire. This makes complete sense for her character. She is absolutely unflappable; stoic in the face of terrors that would drive lesser characters mad. However, if you ever do manage to anger her, she will destroy you utterly and completely.

Sounds in line with earth and fire, right? That’s too bad for Moiraine, because by her own words she’s better with water and air – just by nature of being a woman. At that point it starts to strain believably. If she’s not as good with earth and fire, why does she keep using them?

Moiraine’s dominating nature is also one of the most defining things about her. She will take no guff from anyone, and she does not suffer fools. There’s nothing submissive about her, and yet supposedly she channels her power by submitting to it.

2. Man Magic Is Stronger Than Woman Magic

WoT characters love to talk about the complementary nature of masculine and feminine, that the two are inherently different yet both are required to do great things. That’s an admirable thought, but it’s somewhat undermined by the fact that male channelers are straight up more powerful on average than their female counterparts. This is described as being similar to the way that men are, on average, physically stronger than women.

In exchange, women have the ability to link their powers together, because, I suppose, women are just better at having friends than men (remember, gender roles FTW!). Unfortunately, this ability is shown to be of little practical use beyond a few major plot points, because linking the powers of multiple women together doesn’t result in their strength being directly combined. Instead, the leader gets a bonus to her power, at the cost of the other women in the link not being able to do anything.

To put it in gaming terms: four women can each cast a 5d6 fireball. Linking them together will result in a single 10d6 fireball. The problem is not hard to spot.

To be 100% fair, WoT also makes the claim that women are more “deft” or “dexterous” with their power, but after reading nine books, I could never figure out exactly what that meant. Whatever the author’s intent, it’s demonstrated over and over again that all other factors being equal, it will take multiple female channelers to match a single male. Any advantage women are supposed to have does not come across.

I’m not sure I even need to explain the problem here, but I will anyway. Magic in a fantasy story like WoT is a direct representation of how much a character can affect the world around them through an expression of their will. It goes beyond what is physical and reaches directly into the soul. Tying a character’s magical ability directly to their gender in this manner is delivering one message: women are less important than men.

While it’s true that WoT does have women who are stronger channelers than some of the men around them, it’s made very clear that these are exceptions to the rule. In a twisted sort of fairness, this is also harmful to men. No man, no matter how good he is with people, no matter how much sense it would make for his character, can link his magic without a woman there to help. Ever.

There’s no defense for this double dose of sexism. Not only does it continue the trend of gender roles behind enforced by WoT’s very laws of physics, but it puts women firmly in a secondary role to men. This is a real problem that women face in many places here on Earth, and celebrating it as the natural way of things is just wrong. Interestingly enough, when Wizards of the Coast adapted WoT as a roleplaying game, they left out the idea that men were stronger channelers than women. I wonder why?

3. Women Are Portrayed as Evil for Doing an Important Job

After that last one, it might seem like things couldn’t get any worse, but there is more to come. First, a little background on the setting, spoiler free! At the start of the WoT books, the male half of the One Power has been tainted by the Dark One, a being who is basically the devil. This means that any male channeler will, sooner rather than later, go insane and kill everyone around them. Usually they leave a crater.

The Red Ajah are the group of Aes Sedai – female channelers – tasked with dealing with this terrible situation. Rather than initiating a kill-on-sight policy or something equally draconian, these women go to great pains to capture any male channeler they can find. They then use their own power to remove the man’s ability, leaving him alive and no longer in danger of going insane.

This might sound like the best possible solution to a terrible problem, but no one else in the series, including the author, seems to think so. The Red Ajah are portrayed as a bunch of man hating she-demons whose only real purpose in life is to make males miserable. They hate and distrust all men, even the Warders who are trained exclusively to aid and protect Aes Sedai. Oh, and a lot of them are lesbians, because of course they are.

Imagine a story set in the real world, in which the FBI is America’s only defense against a group of incredibly wealthy robber barons whose financial schemes will leave the entire country in ruins. Now imagine that every FBI agent in the story is a villainous caricature with an irrational hatred for anyone making more than $100,000 a year. They hound the main character mercilessly for no reason other than that his new job has given him a pay raise. Starting to see the problem?

The Red Ajah perform an essential service, yet they are treated almost universally as evil. How dare they raise a hand against the dangerous madmen that are male channelers! Sometimes the story paints them to be as bad or worse than the Dark One. It would be one thing if a few of their members had gotten overly zealous over the long years, but almost the entire group is portrayed this way. They hound and persecute the main character when all he wants to do is save the world, except these mean women won’t let him!

The man-hating element is so over the top that it would be funny if WoT wasn’t playing it so seriously. The idea that powerful women are all out to oppress and victimize men is something that our own society has yet to shake off; seeing it writ large in this series is just painful. Choosing to make a large portion of them gay takes the whole affair into the realm of homophobia as well. Everyone knows that lesbianism and man hating go hand in hand, right? No? Oh.

4. Men Can’t Handle Powerful Women

As WoT is a world in which any male channeler will go crazy and die, the only channelers walking around openly are female. The Aes Sedai have a pretty important role in society: advising rulers, hunting down spawn of the Dark One, and wielding considerable political power of their own. They are also, almost to a woman, unmarried.

Is this because their careers make it difficult to balance a family, or because of some ancient tradition shrouded in mysticism? No. It’s because, at least according to the main characters, most men can’t handle being married to a woman more powerful than they are. This trend is continued in other areas as well. Men are almost universally freaked out by Aes Sedai, and not just because the One Power itself is scary.

Don’t get me wrong, a lot of men in real life are clearly afraid of powerful women. Otherwise, we wouldn’t have such wonderful gems as the men’s rights movement. It is both realistic and interesting to have a certain amount of that in a fantasy setting. However, the extreme to which WoT takes it is just silly. Magic has been an all-female profession for centuries by the time the first book starts. Society has had plenty of time to adjust, and yet the books expect you to believe that no men have figured out the potential benefits of having a magical wife.

Take a look at a list of powerful and/or wealthy women in the real world, and then see how many of them are unmarried. German Chancellor Angela Merkel, wealthy author JK Rowling, Chair of the Federal Reserve Janet Yellen: all of them have husbands. At the very least, there should be hordes of men trying to court Aes Sedai for the political benefit alone.

The larger context of men being continually freaked out by these same women makes even less sense. Supposedly, the high levels of distrust and sometimes outright hatred all stem from an event more than 3,000 years in the past when channelers went crazy and caused widespread destruction. Except those were male channelers, and their female counterparts were the only ones around to stop them. As the books go forward, it is revealed that the forces of evil acted secretly to make people distrust Aes Sedai, but the ratios are just way off. The message that gets sent is that men can’t handle the idea of powerful women, which I find to be both insulting and untrue.

Reading the Wheel of Time, it’s clear that Robert Jordan didn’t have the intention of writing a sexist story. The books have a large representation of female characters, and some of them are really good. I maintain that Moiraine is the best character in the series, but that’s just me. The underlying issues are just that, hidden below the surface. It’s easy to miss them, but they go right on reinforcing harmful perceptions of both men and women nonetheless. WoT can still be an enjoyable series, but it’s important to be aware of what the books are actually saying.

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Comments

  1. Tsuki-llama

    Thank you for this! I read the entire series, and while it had a lot going for it (and for a while was my favorite fantasy series), the overt sexism really, really bothered me.

    Even worse is when fans try to excuse it by saying “no no, the most powerful institutions are ruled by women! He’s *subverting* the sexism trope!” – superficially that appears to be the case, but isn’t true at all, for all the reasons you mentioned.

    One of the outcomes I was most looking forward to at the conclusion was men and women channelers finally reconciling and working together to save the world…and it never happened (and when it did, the Aes Sedai were dragged into it kicking and screaming). One of the biggest letdowns ever.

    Anyway, it’s nice to see that someone else had the same issues with WoT as me, and especially refreshing to see a man pointing out problems with sexism in fantasy =)

    • Oren Ashkenazi

      Yay! I’m glad you enjoyed it. I didn’t notice the sexism on my first read through, but then I was quite young at the time so I claim that as my defense. There’s a lot more I could have talked about, but I think these are the four really big ones.

  2. Marle

    I am having a fresh go at this series after a few years. I’ve made several attempts over the past two decades, but it was always the overtly sexist themes that put me off before. I just can’t seem to get invested in a world where men and women so obviously despise one another.

    • Oren Ashkenazi

      I know what you mean, it’s why I could never finish the series. There are plenty of Discworld books out there if you want something with much better gender relationships. The Gentleman Bastard series is pretty good too.

  3. Nathan

    The points are true, albeit the wording is somewhat exaggerated. The sexism annoyed me a lot too when I re-read it after I have got more educated about feminism.

    re:Moiraine: “If she’s not as good with earth and fire, why does she keep using them?”

    Umm because good luck killing Trollocks with water&air xD Though I guess there must exist destructive waves of those elements, but it’s most likely more straightforward with earth & fire

    “They are also, almost to a woman, unmarried. Is this because their careers make it difficult to balance a family, or because of some ancient tradition shrouded in mysticism? No. It’s because, at least according to the main characters, most men can’t handle being married to a woman more powerful than they are.”

    Outliving any potential spouse by 150-250 years could also have a part in it Actually it’s openly stated by more than one character if I remember well.

    I agree that the Red Ajah are portrayed quite negatively, though I guess it’s worth mentioning, that removing someone’s channeling ability is basically a death sentence, as those people all eventually succumb to terminal depression. So I can see the negative sentiments against them (also what some of them did by stilling male channelers and getting them lynched by village mobs), but it’s true, that it’s not proportional to the danger male channelers would mean.

    Btw in my headcanon people’s channeling ability between saidin/saidar depends on their dominant/submissive personality regardless of gender Channelers could even be able to channel both, just be naturally better at one based on their natural preference. Just an idea.

    • Oren Ashkenazi

      “Btw in my headcanon people’s channeling ability between saidin/saidar depends on their dominant/submissive personality regardless of gender :)”

      If only that had been true in the series. Thumbs up for a good idea though.

      As to killing with air or water, just watch Legend of Korra season 3. It’s hard to fight when the breath is literally sucked out of your lungs.

      • Rand al'Thor

        Although this was pretty long ago, I have to comment on it. The whole plot revolves around the idea that saidin is tainted. Thus, men would be able to channel and there would be no point of the first couple books because Rand would not be going mad.

        As a huge fan of the series, however many problems it has, I slightly disagree with this. But that doesn’t matter.

      • Anton

        Ya but id rather light 100 trollocs on fire than pull the air from trolloc lungs, like a dumbass

  4. Lee

    I feel like you are cherry-picking your cited examples to support your over-exaggerated claims.

    “If you’re a man like me who’s never felt particularly like dominating or controlling anyone, you’ll be a terrible channeler.”

    This is simply not true. There are plenty examples of men who have no desire to dominate and many women who are anything but submissive, wielding their half of the One Power with great success. Dominating and submitting to the One Power means nothing about who you are or what kind of personality you have. It only describes the manner in which you wield the One Power. Additionally, you left out the True Power which is gender neutral.

    “If she’s not as good with earth and fire, why does she keep using them?”

    Because they are effective tools for killing Trollocs and Halfmen… Should Rand never bind someone with air simply because he’s better with earth and fire, despite the fact air is the best tool for immobilizing someone?

    “Unfortunately, this ability is shown to be of little practical use beyond a few major plot points, because…”

    It’s of little practical use because it’s difficult to perform and requires an immense amount of trust in whoever is assuming control of the link, not because the power of each individual doesn’t stack perfectly. It may not be a frequent tactic, but it’s very effective allowing a group of female channelers to perform feats an equal group of men cannot.

    “To be 100% fair, WoT also makes the claim that women are more “deft” or “dexterous” with their power, but after reading nine books, I could never figure out exactly what that meant… Any advantage women are supposed to have does not come across.”

    Some of this happens later than the 9th book, but let’s see…
    1. It was a woman who figured out how to reverse severing. (Nynaeve)
    2. It was a womam who rediscovered a method for creating Ter’angreal. (Elayne)
    3. It was women who were the most adept at creating complex disguises and infiltration. (Mesaana, Moghedien, Lanfear)
    4. The most adept user of compulsion was a woman. (Graendal)
    5. A woman pioneers a completely new weave that can undo balefire. (Egwene)
    5. A woman is ultimately responsible for cleansing Saidin. (Nynaeve)

    “Tying a character’s magical ability directly to their gender in this manner is delivering one message: women are less important than men.”

    This seems like a rather shallow conclusion you are making, not the author. See list of important things done solely by women above.

    “There’s no defense for this double dose of sexism.”

    Sure there is. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses brought to the table by both genders instead of cherry picking individual qualities like “individual strength” and basing your entire view of a character’s worth on that alone.

    “This might sound like the best possible solution to a terrible problem, but no one else in the series, including the author, seems to think so.”

    You conviently leave out the fact that to most channelers, male and female alike, being severed is a fate worse than death.

    You also over generalize the Red Ajah. Yes, many of them mistrust or hate men, but not all. You say the man-hating element is over the top while completely ignore the Green Ajah that in many ways acts as the Red Ajah’s counter balance. Again, you cite only the parts you want to support you claim and ignore the rest.

    “They are also, almost to a woman, unmarried.”

    Except for a pretty sizable portion of the Green Ajah which have multiple warders or elect to marry their warder.

    “Men are almost universally freaked out by Aes Sedai, and not just because the One Power itself is scary.”

    While some characters may say they “can’t handle” powerful women, this is not the primary reason. While Aes Sedai call themselves “Servants of All” their help usually comes with a price… usually one you didn’t see coming. The overwhelming majority of Aes Sedai (especially those involved in politics) are plotters and schemers leading to a general air of mistrust. Most non-channelers are aware of this and avoid them if possible. Hell, even other female channelers avoid them (Wise Ones and Windfinders). Your assumption that men aren’t lining up to court Aes Sedai because the can’t handle powerful women is a little myopic.

    • Fausto

      Thank you!

    • Kitan

      SPOILERS SPOILERS SPOILERS OMG for the ENTIRE SERIES! Read at your own risk.

      It was also a woman who discovered how to Heal madness. That’s something that couldn’t even be done in the Age of Legends, which is seen as the pinnacle of human civilization and of knowledge and use of the One Power.

      People steer clear of Aes Sedai because “every gift from an Aes Sedai has a hook in it” and “the truth an Aes Sedai tells is not the truth you think you hear.” Aes Sedai are literally trained to be manipulative in order to achieve their own ends (and no one truly knows their goals, often not even other Aes Sedai). Both men and women avoid them and rarely seek their aid because they’re so manipulative. I certainly wouldn’t want to marry someone as manipulative as an Aes Sedai.

      And yes, a reason most of them don’t marry is because they’ll outlive their husband by 200-250 years. An Aes Sedai will outlive her children and grandchildren, and maybe even her great-grandchildren.

      There’s a scene where Pevara Sedai looks at length at a group of porcelain dolls she bought a while ago to represent her family because she misses them so much. It’s heartbreaking.

      As an Aes Sedai, I certainly wouldn’t want to marry in a situation like that. In a situation like that, I’d probably only make close friends among fellow Aes Sedai, who will have a lifespan similar to my own.

      As for being submissive or dominant, Cadsuane has, arguably, the strongest personality in the books. She’s domineering, controlling, commanding – and an extremely skilled channeler of saidar, the female half of the One Power you have to guide instead of force. Androl is very submissive, but despite his small ability, he seizes saidin, the male half of the One Power and actually has a very rare Talent with the Power.

      Robert Jordan said once that when he set out to write the Wheel of Time, one of the things he thought was “What would the world look like if women never had to fight for their rights?”

      The books begin with the genders being very separate, but we see them coming together in the last three books. After Tarmon Gai’don, with the sexes fighting together equally now that the Taint is cleansed, we easily foresee a world where gender doesn’t matter, where female and male channelers both reside in the White Tower (refer to Egwene’s vision in tel’aran’rhiod where the rose window is replaced by a window of the Aes Sedai symbol). At the end you see women as Warders, Asha’man who have bonded their wives and bonded other Aes Sedai, Aes Sedai who have bonded other Asha’man. Further, even earlier in the series, if an Aes Sedai burns out the only way to keep her alive is to find her a husband NOW.

      Gender roles are different in the Wheel of Time because the world is radically different than ours, but they come together at the end of the series and they’ll come together more as the Wheel continues to turn.

      • Soma Sedai

        And speaking of dominant v. submissive:

        FAR MADDING anyone?

        The men of Far Madding are very submissive and almost considered second class citizens. Women from Far Madding are very strong, confident, and in control. And as there are several named Aes Sedai from Far Madding (including Cadsuane and Verin!) I think equating the ability to channel saidar with having to have a submissive personality is a flat out lie, or at best a complete misreading of whatever point you get to.

        The One Power is stated to work by Saidin and Saidar pushing against each other yet complimenting each other. This was literally described by Moiraine in the first chapters of the first book, after they’ve fled the Two Rivers.

        In this *fantasy world* much like in the real world, men and women have stereotypical generalized strengths and weaknesses. Some women are stronger than any man physically, but the vast majority are not. In the Age of Legends, the greatest works were done by men and women working together, just like throughout our actual history. Strengths and weaknesses compliment each other. There’s a reason the ancient symbol of Aes Sedai is what it is.

      • Alex

        The books begin with the genders being very separate, but we see them coming together in the last three books.

        Hmmm, I wonder why that might be? It seems possible that it might have something to do with those three books having been written by a different author, who was almost thirty years younger and grew up after second-wave feminism had dramatically altered the landscape American culture. Robert Jordan was born and raised in an era when gender essentialism was so universally accepted as simply “the way things are” that only a tiny fraction of people of his generation ever thought to question it. Furthermore, he was born and raised in South Carolina, was a devout Christian, served in the army and attended college at The Citadel, an all-male, ultraconservative military academy. Given that background, it’s remarkable that his books are as forward-looking as they are in terms of significant roles for women, and totally unremarkable that many aspects of the world-building are nevertheless quite sexist.

        • Oren Ashkenazi

          A comment was deleted here for personally insulting another commentor. We’re fine with strong disagreement, but personal attacks are over the line.

    • Mar

      THANK YOU for this! I found this book series incredibly empowering for women for many of the reasons you suggested, especially in Egwene’s rise to power and how she’s able to fight with Rand as an equal. The strength in the Wheel of Time series is that everyone STARTS OUT immature (sexism being one of the traits of immaturity), but the characters grow and learn from their elders and play to their own strengths.

      This author obviously never saw the series morph and grow, and deigned to judge the whole by only glancing at a part. Which is an immature way of judging, but is perfectly understandable. He’s right that the first few books are sexist, but that is because the characters in the beginning are immature and ignorant about how the world really works.

      • Sara

        I agree. Strangely I think the most sexist aspect wasn’t mentioned at all here. In that, whenever a female character is introduced, they seem strong, independant, unflappable, mysterious, and intelligent.

        Within a book or 2 they’re reduced to hysteria and irrational rage and illogical logic.

        I don’t think Jordan is overtly sexist. I think he was simply a man that grew up in the 50s and has had these ideas ingrained in his mind. I mean that may be part, it may also be partly that the time period (fictional middle ages) he was trying to portray did have very polarized ideas of men and women. And, overall, he was just not a great writer. Great ideas, but inconsistent and poorly described while also recycling the same ideas too many times (I mean how many times did one of the boys crush a cup?) Sad and disappointing. I think it would have maybe been better if I hadn’t read The Sword of Truth series right before this though. Which shared alot of ideas but had better themes and overall better writting.

        But then again, in Jordan’s book, at least women wear pants. If they do need to preform at least a dozen curtseys with or without a dress.

  5. Rkichard

    Thanks for posting this – I’m half way through The Dragon Reborn and I’m finding the sexism doesn’t make me want to stop reading (because he paints an amazing picture of the world, characters and brilliant events), however it’s pretty frustrating, not because I have a problem with sexism in a book like this but that it’s just BORING!!

    Almost EVERY female character thinks men are all fools.

    I could understand SOME women thinking that way but ALL of them?!?

    I think Robert Jordan’s sexism shows more about the fact that he doesn’t have a good grasp on the complexities of individual characters. It seems as though a lot of the characters are one dimensional – e.g. sexist and head strong

    Thanks again

    • Oren Ashkenazi

      True. There’s real “battle of the sexes” shtick going in much of the books, which doesn’t seem to resonate with any of the other plotting.

      • Nick B

        It’s a fantasy world. They’re not supposed to act like your real-world Mom. They act in ways that make sense in the context of the fantasy universe. And the universe is designed specifically to twist late 20th-century gender expectations in unusual ways.

        For example, reread that first bit of the books. Rand is going to the tavern for a festival with his dad. Along the way they encounter a member of the village council, who gets reamed out for meddling in Women’s Circle business for daring to criticize the Circle’s choice for Wisdom. Then then encounter the Wisdom herself, who turns out to be 25. She cannot tell anyone when they should plant their crops, which is a) probably the most important decision any farming village has to make in a year, b) is not something Western women would have been trusted with traditionally, and c) Cenn seems to be right: it’s a bit heavy for a 25-year-old of any gender.

        Then the peddler arrives. He tells tales of War. Everyone panics. The Village Council springs into action. Nyneave participates in the meeting, because while women apparently have the clout to keep anyone from questioning whether a 25-year-old-girl should really be one of the most important people in the village; the village council lacks the clout to keep said 25-year-old out of it’s only important meeting in literal years.

        In later books additional duties are revealed for the Women’s Circle. They enforce sexual norms by controlling marriage. The Wisdom is in charge of healing, which means they have powers of Quarantine. They also make it their business to hide anything they think of as Women’s business from their menfolk completely.

        After rereading the books dozens of times I’ll be damned if I can name you a single capital-P-Power a Two Rivers Mayor actually has. It mostly seems to be chairing meetings, waiting for everyone to vote, and then asking for volunteers. It’s comparable to being Queen of the UK. Despite the fact Men are firmly banned from Women’s Circle Decisions that affect everyone, women always seem to be intimately involved with any decision that should theoretically fall to the male half of the town.

        Of course, given that magic exists, only women can use it, and Nyneave is a natural, all this is perfectly rational. Of course the women are in charge of healing, they are the only ones who can do it. Of course the 25-year-old says when to plant, her magical powers put her in touch with the atmosphere so she can predict the weather. Of course the Council protects her from Councilor Cenn Buie and puts up with her barging in, she is the only person in the village who can do either important of those things properly and that demands respect.

        Moreover, given that the Aes Sedai are also all female, it’s not at all surprising that women the world over think of themselves as the natural decision-makers. And if you’re the natural decision-making gender, then the other gender must be stupid/weak/etc.

        This is actually what I love about the books. Jordan has taken the human animal, and put us in a very different social and political context. It’s the same reason I read SciFi.

  6. Nick B

    I think you missed the point of the book. The whole magic system is sexist, not because RJ likes sexism (this is a man who married a divorcee with a kid in 1980 in South Carolina, so he’s got more feminist cred then 99% of bloggers), it’s that he’s showing sexism and gender roles are ridiculous in real life. So you get lots of relationship advice to the woman, that’s identical to the advice her male significant other receives, in the very next damn chapter; societies with numerous and varied gender roles and no negative repercussions from having that gender do that thing, etc.

    So he gives people a reason to be sexist. To make the book actually interesting, rather then a long story of men raping women because of course men rape women, he flips the gender role. The women get slightly weaker powers, but don’t go insane and die, so everyone whose anyone not only has a female Aes Sedai they deal with, they also owe her favors, and incidentally she’s probably got about 50 years life-experience and an education from the most exclusive institution in the world to beat them over the head with.

    The Reds are not nearly as bad as you imply. Pevera, for one, is a Red because she wants to do a job, not because she hates men. What you;re picking up on is that most of the point of view characters who comment about the Red Ajah are either Blue or Green, and the Blue/Green alliance does not like Reds.

    As for number four, did we read the same book? There’s an entire Andoran Queendom that is explicitly run on the basis that the Queen’s husband is nobody. In fact most of the action takes place there, and one reason few doubt Rand when he says the country was taken over by the Devil is that the Devil’s man tried to rule as King. The Green Ajah are known to have multiple husbands, the highest-ranking Aes Sedai Egwene actually gets married (sparking a “can Gawyn deal with a wife who is more powerful and smarter then him” subplot), etc. The reason the other Ajahs don’t have husbands seems to be a combination of a) extremely careerist culture (“What, you’re doing something that isn’t logic? Are you ok?” would be the reaction Sarene got from her White Ajah Colleagues if they discovered her love poetry), b) so many other things to do, and c) a deep burning desire to not have kids you will outlive by 100 years. There’s probably some truth to d) men can’t handle us; in the sense that several male characters would rather die then kiss an Aes Sedai, but there’s a difference between “can;t have any husband I want,” and “can’t have a husband at all.”

    BTW, if you encountered a 120-year-old member of a secretive order of magicians whose idea of Tuesday was trying to implement some long-term plan with a time-horizon longer then your natural life, has access to the highest levels of society, and could kill you with a thought if some rule she swears is really really binding didn’t forbid using the Power to kill people, you’d be pretty suspicious too.

  7. Krssven

    It sounds like Jordan was attempting to invert normal gender roles while also letting Western cultural sexism influence everything, probably without even realising it. Some of the worst sexist/misogynist behaviour and attitudes come from people who believe they’re anything but. I’ll leave final judgement until I’ve read the books through, but I have less inclination to do so now.

    • Oren Ashkenazi

      I suspect Jordan, while well intentioned, was trapped by his notions of gender roles. There are some very good female characters in the books, but the overall setting and cosmology is super sexist.

      • Nick

        Like I said before, exploring gender roles is the point. To the extent epic fantasy is allowed to have a theme beyond “whoa, that shit that was cool,” the theme is exploration of gender roles. And he’s tipped the power-balance in favor of women by driving all male magic-users insane just to see what happens.

        You get benign matriarchy in Andor. You get formally patriarchal Aiel, with a military that’s 11/12 male; but the female Wise Ones have so much influence that it’s hard for anyone to tell they technically have no actual power, and the gender role busting (at least in 90s America) Maidens of the Spear. Tarabon actually has a complicated gender-based Balance of Powers system with a male King and a female Panarch. You get Sea Folk, who let men run the actual buying and selling of good on their ships and not much else; whereas in Arad Doman it’s women who get into the Legislature by becoming big-time merchants, etc.

        That’s the major way he differentiates his societies. Every little country doesn’t get it’s own religion, currency, and language (altho the Illianers get a really strong accent). But everybody has interesting little gender role quirks, and the differences in political systems seem to be based on the local gender roles.

      • Ed

        Oren you completely bungled this. You have zero clues as to what the WoT is about. Is their sexism in the series? Sure. Big deal. Sexism exist and always will however you assumptions of what is sexist in this series is so ludicrous you should seek employment in another field.

      • bdUNN

        Why do you only respond to people who agree with you? Confirmation biased. The above posters ripped everything you said to shreds.

    • Nick

      It’s not just invert. It’s not that everything that we associate with men gets flipped. But women are definitely the gender of people who think “of course when I barge into this meeting about an issue I clearly don’t understand, when I proceed to put in my two cents everyone will thank me for being brilliant.” And he goes through numerous variations on the theme because most cultures in the books have their own unique gender roles.

      So if you can handle bending your mind around gender roles to the point that you don’t go “what the fuck? why is this woman acting like those sexist guys I hate?” you’ll be fine with that bit of the book. Altho it seems to be a problem for a surprising number of people who claim to be absolutely convinced that if you raised girls like they were boys they’d be just as aggressively assholeish.

      The problem is homosexuality. The series was first written back when the first Bush was President, which was years before Clinton got accused of being too pro-gay for implementing “Don’t ask, don’t tell,” and signing the Defense of Marriage Act. And the first books in particular really reflect that. Lesbianism is acknowledged to exist, extremely obliquely in most cases (“pillow friend” is the euphemism, the series is never explicit about sex), but is generally considered something a young woman does while in Aes Sedai training, and if she doesn’t grow out of it there’s something wrong with her. Male homosexuality is simply ignored.

      Later books are quite open-minded, but the fact that Jordan’s got a dozen or two main characters floating around, who all had a hetero love interest baked into their story lines by 1993, which will take several hundred pages each to resolve, means that positive depictions of homosexuality tend to consist of people thinking “that guy is great, he’d be perfect for my sister, I wish he was into girls” and leaving it at that.

    • John

      Why are you suggesting to understand the themes and nuance of a book you just admitted to not reading? It’s also telling that the author of this blog doesn’t think that that is an issue.

      • Krssven

        If you’d read the comment properly you wouldn’t have needed to yourself.

        Having read the first book, I have very few issues with how the world is laid out and how the genders are approached. Complaining about it might seem clever, but I don’t see the same complaints about other fantasy novels. Even LotR is sexist if you look at it in terms of today’s gender roles (no female characters have a major impact on the story except one, and she wouldn’t have been there had it been known to the men).

        • Phoenyx

          I’m not certain why ‘no one is complaining about this when it happens in other books’ (by the way, they are) is a suitable defense.

  8. Jaeger

    This article is really strange. It complains about sexist themes from a fantasy novel. You realize it is a fantasy novel right? But let’s play along with your sensitive non-sense.

    1. Magic Comes Bundled With Gender Roles

    Who cares. It’s the author’s choice how magic in his world works. It’s fantasy. You think it’s impossible for Moiraine to play a role and submit to saidar? Also she is stoic and badass but not really dominant per say. She does what she has to do. You obviously think about sexist themes all the time so you see it every where.

    2. 2. Man Magic Is Stronger Than Woman Magic

    I’d say it makes perfect sense. Did you know that the average male’s body is between 3 and 10 times physically stronger than a female human’s body? Also, the women have an advantage men don’t have with the possibility to link. Even the mighty Dragon has to fear women linked. Advantages and disadvantages. I see no sexism here.

    3. 3. Women Are Portrayed as Evil for Doing an Important Job

    The Red Ajah are just one small percentage of female channelers, and they are portrayed as evil for setting up false dragons and deceiving the public, not for doing their jobs, lol. Again, not seeing anything sexist here.

    4. 4. Men Can’t Handle Powerful Women

    I think you are reading too much into this. Most people do not like having to deal with anyone in a position of higher authority than them, regardless of gender. If ANYTHING, I’d say this novel empowers the female quite a bit. You seriously do not understand this novel. Your article makes no sense. All four points are debunked; there is no true sexism in this novel.

    • AGS

      You’re being plainly sexist. Here we go:

      1. I doubt that it was the author’s intention, but if it were as plain as you think it was, then it’d be definitely sexist. For example, I might write a book where characters bash on black people all the time. Would you consider it racist or “just a fantasy”?
      2. Hum, no. Women can train and be stronger than men. Men might make friends easier than women. It all depends on the person. Also, you talk about men being stronger than women, but where is this strength applied? From my personal experience at martial arts, women are more precise and obstinated than men. They know they might be weaker, but they also know where to hit. So, your argument makes no sense.
      3. The old, “I see nothing wrong with powerful women being bashed just because they’re powerful women”.
      4. If what you said was true, then why we never heard women say they don’t like “powerful men”? It’s because society still expects the men to have more power than the woman in relationships and both are punished if it doesn’t happen.

      You debunked nothing. You just proved to be blatantly sexist.

      • Noneyabiz

        Lol that’s just silly. The thing that is sexist about this series are a lot of the female characters themselves, nynaeve especially. Check out what i wrote below if you ever see this.

        Also, on average men’s body’s are stronger. On average, they’re stronger in martial arts as well. That is due to again, their bodies. Fact. Nothing sexist about that.

        • Cay Reet

          However, arguing with a stronger body when it comes to magic, which is a mental power at its core, is a very strange thing, indeed.
          Why is ‘man magic’ stronger? Because the author thinks men should be stronger in this respect as well. Not because there is any logical reason for that.
          I could just as well argue women are stronger in magic, because their menstrual cycle makes them more connected to nature which fuels magic. Bam! Women have stronger magic than men. It’s only the author who decides on how magic works, because it doesn’t exist in our world, so we have no ‘real life’ experience with it.

          And in martial arts, just to rub that in, technique and ability count far higher than pure physical strength. If both fighters have the same level of ability, then the physical strength MAY make a difference, but only in that case.

          • Oren Ashkenazi

            Editor’s Note: I deleted a comment that was previously here because it violated our comments policy by insulting another commenter. That is not allowed.

          • Oren Ashkenazi

            Editor’s Note: I have now deleted a second comment. Telling someone they know nothing is still a personal attack and it is not allowed.

        • Phoenyx

          All stories come from people in the ‘real world’, and they are meant to say something. They do not exist in a vacuum. They are not ‘just fantasy’.

          This commentary how the world in the books is not sexist is based on a false notion that the world just somehow exists and the author’s choices don’t play into the equation at all.

          The author chooses their magic system. They made choices. It is one of a myriad of choices. The author’s decision to base the magic system on gender says something that is, indeed, sexist — regardless of what any individual characters do or say in the text. Because the notion plays directly into stereotypes of men and women, which is the very definition of sexism. So yes, it’s sexist whether you see that or not.

    • Katie

      “But it’s fantasy” is a pathetic argument.

      • Krssven

        Not sure why people don’t like this point when it’s made. In a fantasy novel we’re suspending disbelief about magic, monsters, Wizards, witches and a whole host of things that only exist in the story. But switch up conventional gender roles and show an alternate way of gender interaction in this world and you’re being lambasted by today’s post-modern society.

        In these books, the society works in a different way. Had Jordan actually been sexist as it is alleged, he’d have just put more conventional gender roles into his work. There wouldn’t have been any need to subvert anything because in a lot of fantasy, most women are royalty or otherwise not massively involved in the story.

    • Katie

      “I’d say it makes perfect sense. Did you know that the average male’s body is between 3 and 10 times physically stronger than a female human’s body? ”

      But it’s fantasy.

  9. Triaxx2

    For the first point, there are a few things to mention. Tops on the list is the repeated mention that the greatest works were done by men and women working together. Second, while they take control in different ways, nothing stops men from submitting to Saidar and manipulating it, nor does anything stop women from forcing Saidin to their will, aside from requiring a link with a woman/man.

    As for ‘man magic’ being stronger, it always seemed to me that they were mis-estimating various strengths. For example, later on, we see Rand weave a single strand of air around an entire group of enemies, where females would have used multiple strands to do the same. That’s deft and dexterous versus brute force. On the other hand, we meet a Seafolk Windfinder who manipulates massive flows of air, that one of the other powerful channelers admits she couldn’t. Later still, we see Aviendha use fire as her primary method of offense, but when she puts out a fire near the start of one of the later books, she stirs up dirt and diverts a massive water spout out of a river. Egwene is discovered not only to have started a fire to dry herself out in the first book, but later learns to find ores in the ground, and hardens nearly an entire harbor chain into a massive piece of unbreakable metal.

    The Red Ajah aren’t portrayed as evil necessarily. But they’re jerks about it. Men are Gentled, and then either abandoned to the ‘mercy’ of their neighbors, or they’re taken back to the seat of Aes Sedai power and are watched. As they waste away. Aes Sedai who are Stilled are expected to leave and die peacefully on their own, or to find something else to fill the loss. A chance men aren’t given. We later get a look inside the Ajah’s and see that some of them don’t like men. Some of them just find them untrustworthy, or have other reasons. And yes, some of them are lesbians, but so, are a lot of characters if only for a bit. Moraine Siuan for example. Most of them simply break off the relationships as a natural course of events. Even so, Reds are considered snobbish and arrogant even by the standards of the other Ajah. Plus we hear from Logain that they set up false dragons just so they could be knocked down. Whether that’s true or not is never established.

    As for that last one… keep reading. We learn Aiel customs. She comes to him and proposes. He has to fight his way to her and defeat her. We learn Sea Folk customs. Whoever commands in public obeys in private. Mostly it’s the woman who commands in public. Altaran men give their wives Marriage knives to use on them if they displease them. Or Davram Bashere and his wife Deira who scream back and forth at each other. Not to mention Faile and Perrin. He’s spent his life holding back strength to keep from hurting others, and she wants him to use all his strength.

    He’s not arguing against strong women. He’s arguing for equal partnerships.

  10. Ronny Nassar

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  11. Noneyabiz

    I only looked at the 4 bullet points you had at the beginning of each section, so I’m not sure if it was included. Did you talk about how a lot of the female main characters, nynaeve especially, are bigots? They’re so sexist it’s despising. Almost every other thought Nynaeve has is something sexist about men. To be honest, I’ve never even seen a male main character in a book act this sexist towards women, unless they were a villian.

    I mean, granted Nynaeve is an immature and terrible person in general, but the sexist attitude she has is over the top. Both egwene and elaine share this trait as well. Feels like it’s almost insulting towards women.. kind of like.. “you always say men are sexist in stories!?!? Well I’ll write a story with sexist women that are MUCH worse!!” Obviously that wasn’t the intention, but it’s so blatant it feels like that was the intent.

    • Oren Ashkenazi

      I didn’t specifically address that one, although you’re right that it is bizarrely prevalent. It’s part of WoT’s whole “men are this way, women are this way” motif that leads to so many of its other problems.

      • bdUNN

        you make comparisons to the real world which is silly while simultaneously making it sound like you don’t live in the real world.

        why do you only reply to people who agree with you?

  12. Anton

    On the sexism of magic, even if the male chanaler is more weak willed, doesnt mean their a bad chaneler, in fact this is never mentioned. What makes a man a good or bad chaneler is how much saidan they can hold. also good luck killing trolocs with air and water. and just because men are stronger with earth and fire doesnt mean women are particularly weak in them.It really seems that your just looking for an excuse to get triggered. And so what if men are “stronger” on average. Many of the powerful chanelers are female, and are much stronger than the men. Also not being able to circle is a pretty big deal, and if men could circle saidin probably would not have been tainted and possible the dark on would never have broken free. Also you dont get how circles work. If circles sucked that much they would’nt us them. your annalogy sucked, and thats not how they work it would be more like a 30d6 fireball, not 10d6. So i think you were just looking for an excuse to rag on one of most inclusive fanatsy storyies, with some of the mot powerful female characters in the fantasy genre.

  13. Gardenlummox

    I love fantasy and world building and am constantly frustrated by sexist themes and one dimensional female characters (although I believe this to be more generally ignorant sexism than intentional). So when I saw this article about a series I’ve just started (there are not many series you can say that about when your on book three:)) I was more than a little bit disappointed. I was already concerned about the imbalance of powers and the constant stereotyping of each sex by both sexes but was so charmed by the world Robert Jordan created that I was willing to read on and hope that the series would become about the creation of a golden age reborn by a reunification of the sexes after centuries of decay caused by an imbalance in the two sexes. A theme too really get behind bearing in mind what gender segregation has done to our own reality.

    Having read Oren’s piece I was unsure if I wanted to continue reading, what with the length of the series and my abhorrence of any kind of stereotype in particular gender stereotypes. It is one thing to have a few ignorant characters another to have fifteen books of largely ignorant characters and a sexist premise. I also know I’m not always the best judge of sexism being a man raised in a patriarchy! As a kid I loved David Eddings and I think that played no small part in reinforcing patriarchal assumptions in my young brain.

    Too conclude my waffle I think I will finish the series (or at least read on a ways), I am encouraged by the writers who say the books get less sexist (thank you) as the characters mature as this mirrors my own life experience and you have to have wrong in fiction to proof (i.e test) the right. After all a good villain is measured by how much you loathe them, sexism and bigotry in general make for a good villain. The damage to society is done when sexism is portrayed as normal.

    Also I would like too commend a largely civil debate and say thanks to Oren for initiating it. Mythcreants rule!

    • Nick

      It’s not a series that challenges sexism by showing a utopia where sexism is gone. It’s a series that challenges sexism by subtly changing 80s/90s gender norms (he actually conceived of the book in ’84), adding some completely unrealistic blatantly sexist physics (ie: having magic, and divvying it up by gender), and than runs with the result. Which is both vaguely recognizable as late 80s/early 90s gender norms, and completely different.

      It also really demonstrates the limits of the art form. This kind of series is really long, and whole the use of point-of-view characters makes you think you’ve got a good handle on what’s going on Jordan very rarely gives you both sides of a dispute. A lot of the criticisms from feminists on the internet either come from people who didn’t wait for the other penny to drop because the series was too long (Rand’s “harem” looks terrible when you first read about it in 9 but in the next five books he has actually a girlfriend, who lets two of her friends fuck him. they each do it once, when they’re horny, and Rand never has any control over when he gets laid or who does the laying); or because the point-of-view characters you actually get to read are incredibly biased.

      To use one of these examples, the Blue Ajah has been allied with the Green against the Red for literally centuries when the books start. Almost all Aes Sedai and warders who get multiple points-of-view are Blue/Green, and almost all of the rest are strong partisans of Rand and therefore suspicious of the Red.

      • Oren Ashkenazi

        It’s not a series that challenges sexism at all. It bakes sexism directly into the physical laws of the world. Rand having a harim is also stupid, but it’s a small side issue compared to man magic litterally being more powerful than woman magic. I’m not sure what your point is about the Blue and Green Ajahs. It’s very clear in the books that the Red are the evil Ajah. WoT is an extremely sexist story, there’s no getting around it. That doesn’t mean you can’t enjoy it, but denying that point is just denying reality. I’ve heard it gets better after Brandon Sanderson takes over, but that’s a whole lot of Jordan to get through.

        • Nick

          The entire point of the books is that he made physics sexist, and even most of the sexism based on physics turned out to be stupid. Everybody has radically different gender roles, which are frequently contradictory (ie: sea folk women are military commanders and men trade, whereas the Domani do it the other way around; the fact that both nations seem to do fine at both trading and fighting implies that banning men from military command is just as stupid as banning women from trade), the girls team saves the world just as consistently as the boys team despite “weaker” magic, no Ta’varen status, etc…

          As for the Blue/Green/Red thing, the the PoVs are not the gospel, they are PoVs. The Green Ajah thinks Reds are man-hating psychopaths, so a PoV section from a Green is going to say Reds are man-hating psychopaths. The Blues will put it more delicately because they’re politicians at heart, but that doesn’t mean that they’re objective about their long-term rivals. Most of the rest of the PoVs from people who know what Ajahs are come from people in Rand’s inner circle, and they spend a significant amount of time trying to keep the Reds from getting their hands on him.

          • bdUNN

            He really doesn’t understand the point of this theme of the books.

    • John

      Please don’t stop reading a book because of a random blog written by someone who has a juvenile understanding of the themes presented. There is a lot of material, and they can be forgiven for not understanding, but to go out of their way to smear a book that that don’t understand is suspect. Everyones customs are derived from some ancient custom or event, usually from the Age of Legends or the breaking, that has since been twisted and now is unrecognizable. Writing about a theme is not advocating for a theme.

      • Cay Reet

        But choosing a theme means you see use in it.

        There are many ancient civilisations which might have been pretty sexist (written data on ancient civilisation is usually pretty limited, so it’s hard to say and some new finds contradict things seen as ‘factual’ before), but there also are those in which men and women are equal.

        The author chose how magic works in his world. The author chose how men and women interact with each other and the opposite gender. The author chose how society is structured.
        WoT is not a series of historical novels which deal with real historical settings of our own past. It is a fantasy world. A fantasy world is shaped only by the decisions of the author and nothing else. If the author chooses to incorporate sexist themes to such an extent, there is reason to call them out on it. The same is true for an author writing a novel or series of novels which are sexist towards men.

        If the sexist themes don’t bother you, you are free to read the novels, but they’re still fair game for commenting on, just as the bad writing of other books, which is featured in this blog as well.

        • Nick

          To be feminist a work must by definition challenge sexism. There are two ways to challenge sexism. In one you can create a world without sexism in any form, and show everything working. This is what Star Trek does (except in that stupid finale). The other is to show sexism, and to show that it is both arbitrary (ie: your idea on what women are suited for has more on your cultural traditions than objective reality), and stupid. Generally this is done by taking standard Western gender roles and remixing them in some interesting way to see what happens.

          Wheel of Time, Buffy, and pretty much every single feminist work I have ever seen except Star Trek has some very strong gender roles. They’re generally not the standard gender roles (in Buffy, for example, Xander gets to be hapless sidekick, Giles gets to teacher, Spike gets Spikified; but Buffy gets to be the bad-ass of bad-asses, Willow gets to be powerful enough to be the “Big Bad” in Season 6, and even Cordy ends up with amazing supernatural powers), but they need to be related to western gender roles as a way of commenting on those roles.

          So yes, Jordan sees value in examining gender roles. Since one cannot examine that which does not exist in the universe, he has hella strong gender roles. And the examination is extremely detailed and complex. Every country has it’s own gender roles, all of which are clearly inspired by contemporary gender roles but also highly different. Some of them are enforced by Physics (as Buffy enforces the “all slayers must be pretty teenage girls” by physics), but unlike Buffy even the ones that are enforced by Physics are shown to be stupid wastes of time by the end of the series.

          • Oren Ashkenazi

            If Wheel of Time ever challenges sexism, it does so in book 10 or later, which is way too late. At best, Sanderson maybe gets some credit for trying to fix Jordan’s mistakes.

          • Quinte

            I think the argument over whether wheel of time is sexist or not, is more about how you interpret feminism. I may be wrong but the impression I got was that Robert Jordan was writing from feminist perspective given his background and considering wheel of time sexist is similar to considering the American government corrupt and non-democratic.
            I do think it would be more interesting to discuss how our notions of feminism have changed

  14. Nick

    The first book includes a lengthy subplot where Rand is trying to bully his girlfriend into giving up her career as an Aes Sedai so she can be his farm-wife. He is not portrayed positively for trying this. You might be one of those early 20s whipper-snappers who have never had a friend have to deal with this, but I promise you back when the series was written there were a lot of people who considered themselves pro-women’s rights who would have thought Rand had a point.

    In second book half the plot is a scheme by the devil to destroy the world by enslaving a couple of women, the people chosen to carry this scheme out are entirely female, and the girls manage to thwart it without any male help whatsoever. It also includes a reverse of the fairy tale “trapped princess”; trope because Elayne manages to avoid being collared and helps get the collar off of Egwene.

    In almost every book a new country is introduced. All these people speak the same language, and they all have roughly the same religion. Where they tend to differ is in gender roles.Which means each country is a challenge to the sexism of all the other countries, and since al of these sexisms are different from the one we live in every day, it is also a challenge to our sexism.

  15. Martin

    At the risk of necroing an old blog post, since you bought up the Red Redding, I was just wondering if you had any plans to do any analyses on the GoT series, or even just the first chapter like you done for some other books. They appear to be pretty popular (or at the least the tv show is), and I’d love to see your take on how gender is handled by G. R. R. Martin or even just his prose/characters in general

    • Oren Ashkenazi

      We probably won’t do a Writing Lesson’s post on GoT’s first chapter, because Martin’s prose is decent but not exceptional, and we really need it to be very good or very bad to make the post interesting.

      We talk about GoT sometimes, but for some reason it’s never been a major focus. Mostly because it’s been such a long time since any of us read it. Although considering all the problems book 5 had, that might be worth a post or two.

      • Martin

        Thanks so much for the quick reply.nJust want to say I’m a big fan of your work and it’s definitely got me thinking of a lot areas where I need to improve in my writing. I feel like I’m at that same level where my prose is decent for the most part, but I definitely need to work on showing more than telling and fall into the heavy use of unnessecary adverbs as well. I guess, I’m stuck at what separates adequate prose from truly great prose?
        Another question that’s been on my mind is how nessecary is great prose to telling a great story?

        • Oren Ashkenazi

          No problem Martin, really glad you’re enjoying the site. I can’t say for sure what separates adequate prose from great prose, but Chris has a number of great articles on the subject.

          If you haven’t read it already, I’d recommend this one as a starting point: https://mythcreants.com/blog/seven-rules-of-effective-prose/

          You can also click on “Wordcraft” under “Writing” on the top left of the site.

          As to the question of if a great story needs great prose: prose is a quality just like plot, characters, and setting. Ideally, your story will be great at all of them, but in the real world no story is perfect.

          George RR Martin, for example, has okay prose, but his plot and setting are very strong, so he’s still successful. The Southern Reach has incredibly strong prose, which covers for the story when it’s plot stumbles sometimes.

  16. Ajay

    Love that I’m not the only fan defensive about this poorly reasoned hatred of a wonderful series.

    A lot has been covered thoroughly so I’ll just stick to a few things instead of going after everything wrong.

    There are men who would marry Aes Sedai, sometimes they become Warders and sometimes they actually do get married.
    A large part of the hesitancy on the part of men ISN’T because they are powerful women like the heads of state, it’s because in a large amount of the world MAGIC is distrusted and feared. Forgo the romance aspect and just focus on the power. How many people would be eager to make friends with someone who has vast not understood powers that also happen to allow them the ability to squash you like a bug LITERALLY? It’s common enough for people in our world to be intimidated by people who look physically large and strong and​ potentially capable of hurting us by intent or accident. How much more intimidated would the casual person be by a power so great that a group of people with that power destroyed a world?
    It’s like trying to buddy up to a Kryptonian.
    Now add in the romance aspect and logical outcomes.
    1) the ageless poker face thing they keep up so much of the time is hard to handle.
    2) they possess an education FAR beyond what the average person has. Extremely intimidating.
    3) there’s an understanding that Aes Sedai live in the White Tower or they travel around on missions the average person wouldn’t even understand. To marry one means either you follow them on the road, you move to the White Tower and leave your friends and family behind, or you stay there and they drop in occasionally.

    So you have an extremely intimidating person, hard to understand, unlikely to have any kind of normal/expected marriage, and probably isn’t going to be around long enough for you to get to know anyway.
    Not counting the legends and fact that they’ll outlive you by several lifetimes.
    How many people would be able to handle that or see it as reasonable to try? Just from the perspective of a potential suitor.
    And if you notice I dropped gender designation and it’s unnerving regardless.

    And as for the Red Ajah. It’s explained in the books. They spend a lifetime of centuries hunting down dangerous men. They CAN’T detect Saidin directly. Which means every time they go out to do their job Every Single Male They See is potentially their target. Every one is a possible man shaped disaster slipping into madness.
    How can you expect them all to go through decades of that and it not have any influence on how they view men in general?
    The lesbian thing? The White Tower has a decent number of lesbians and bisexuals in it. It’s common enough that in one book a few Aes Sedai find it strange that a woman they caught having a relationship was embarrassed by it.

    Plus you’re talking about a 3000 year history of women trying to convince novices to join their faction when the chance comes. A woman who has become suspicious of men in general through 200 years of experience is going to look at candidates who won’t have trouble being suspicious of men. Hell, encouraging a candidate who sees them all as innocent or is fond of them could even end up with them ignoring a sign of danger and getting killed.
    Naturally you’re going to get a fair amount of women who just plain dislike men being in that group.
    It’s not the only one who has members like that, and not all it’s members hate men, but 3000 years will build up a culture.

    • Cay Reet

      Yet all of this is built directly into the books which make a deep divide (which you have explained here very well) between the sexes and show powerful women as someone no man wants to be close to. It was also the author’s choice to make men more powerful on the whole, even though magic is not a power anchored in physical strength (which would at least make it more logical).
      The point is that the whole WoT world is built on sexist premises and not, at least while the original author was writing it, to challenge sexism. It was just left there for everyone to look at and approve of.

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